Fiji

Language

Fiji has three official languages under the 1997 constitution: English, Fijian and Hindi. Fijian is spoken either as a first or second language by indigenous Fijians who make up around 54% of the population. Fijians ofIndian descent make up a further 37%, mainly speaking a local variant of Hindi, known as Fiji Hindi. English, a remnant of British colonial rule over the islands, was the sole official language until 1997 and is widely used in government, business, and education as a lingua franca; considerable business is also done in Fijian, especially away from larger town centre.

Holidays and Festivals

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Public holidays in Fiji reflect the country's cultural diversity. Each major religion in Fiji has a public holiday dedicated to it. Also Fiji's major cities and towns hold annual carnivals, commonly called festivals, which are usually named for something relevant to the city or town, such as the Sugar Festival in Lautoka, as Lautoka's largest and most historically important industry is sugar production.

Public Holidays that fall on the weekend are usually moved to either the Friday of the preceding week or the Monday of the following week. This includes religious holidays as well, though in essence they are celebrated on the actual day.

Landforms

The island nation of Fiji sits in the South Pacific between Hawaii and New Zealand. Known as a picturesque tropical paradise, Fiji contains more than 330 islands. Approximately 836,000 people live in Fiji and enjoy a tropical marine climate with little variation in temperature throughout the year. The country’s distinct landforms include terrain covered with abundant rainforests and coastlines with beautiful beaches.