Dwight Eisenhower

By : Mike Breton

Election of 1952 and 1956

  • · The Republicans chose General Dwight D. Eisenhower.

    · Richard M. Nixon was chosen as Eisenhower's vice president.,

    · reports of Nixon secretly taping government funds arose.

    · Nixon went on television and apologized in the Checkers speech.

    · This apology kept him on the ballot.

    · Eisenhower was extremely popular.

    · The slogan "I like Ike" bolstered his popularity.

    · Eisenhower’s last-minute pledge to go personally to Korea to end the war gave him an edge.

    · He garnered 33,936,234 votes to Stevenson’s 27,314,992.

    · He was popular in the South with 442 electoral votes to 89 for his opponent.

    · Republican Nominees- Dwight D. Eisenhower with running mate Richard Nixon

    · Was popular among African Americans

    · Democratic Nominees- Adlai Stevenson with running mate Estes Kefauver

    · Eisenhower was very popular during his first term, earning an approval rating between 68 and 79 percent in 1955

    · There was peace and economic growth after Eisenhower agreed to sign armistice that ended Korean War in 1953 called "Eisenhower's Prosperity"

    · Eisenhower carried forty-one states

    · He received nearly 58 percent of the popular vote.

  • Cold War

    • By 1954 American taxpayers were financing nearly 80 percent of the costs of a hopeless French colonial war in Indochina.

    • Eisenhower promised economic and military aid to the Western-friendly, Vietnamese Diem regime.

    • In the Middle East, the US was interested in Iran and its oil.

    • The CIA engineered a coup in 1953 that installed Shah Pahlavi, a US sympathizer.

    • Eisenhower commissioned NASA to compete with the Soviets in the space race.

    • In February 1958 the United States managed to put into orbit a satellite.

    • President Eisenhower hoped to get along better with the new Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev who was against Stalin's bloody tactics.

    • Hope was lost after an American U2 spy plane was shot down over Russia.

    • Eisenhower later accepted responsibility after the pilot Francis Gary Powers was captured.

    • The Soviets crushed the Belgian resistance and uprisings and further alienated the United States.

    Eisenhower's Policy and Joseph McCarty


    • Ike backed the Interstate Highway Act of 1956
    • A $27 billion plan to build forty-two thousand miles of road.
    • This created many construction jobs and speeded the suburbanization of America.


    • Eisenhower managed to balance the budget only three times in his eight years in office
    • 1959 he incurred the biggest peacetime deficit in American history.
    • Was a general term for making ruthless and unfair charges against opponents.
    • Based on the antics of Joseph McCarthy, a demagogic Wisconsin senator in the 1950s
    • Republican.
    • He was a stanuch Anti-Communist.
    • Had a prominent role in the Second Red Scare.

    Desegregation

    • Unfortunately Eisenhower was not a strong proponent of racial integration

    • He was raised in all white town and served in a segregated army

    • He was forced to act when Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus nationalized the National Guard to prevent nine black students from attending Central High School in Little Rock

    • Eisenhower sent troops because the Governor was challenging Federal Authority

  • Space Race

    • Soviet scientists on October 4, 1957, launched into orbit a “baby moon” (Sputnik I)

    • This amazing scientific breakthrough shattered American self-confidence.

    • There were significant military gains to be made by going in space.

    • The Americans realized that the Soviets could possibly deliver long range missiles and there were many military implications of satellites.

    • Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and directed billions of dollars towards missile development.