Module THREE - Genocide

January 20 - February 6

Essential Questions

1) How do people make distinctions between “us” and “them”? Why do they make these distinctions?

2) How are genocide and other acts of mass violence humanely possible?/ What choices do people make that allow collective violence to happen?

3) In what ways do others define our identity?

At the completion of this module you can expect to:

  • Critically read and evaluate a literary text, essay and poem.
  • Support your critical analysis by answering specific questions on the text using textual evidence.
  • View a presentation explaining terminology and definitions needed for success in this class.
  • Participate in the class’s discussion board.

Lesson #1 - Model Paragraph Response & Checklist

Your paragraphs should look like this, and include the following:

Topic Sentence

Concrete Details

Direct quotation from reading

Explanation of quote

Concluding sentence


Holden attempts to have relationships with other people, such as Sally, but he fails because he is afraid of being close with people. When Holden first meets with Sally, he is very nice to her face, but inwardly he is distancing himself. For example, on page 106, Sally tells him it would be grand to see him. “Grand. If there’s one word I hate, it’s grand. It’s so phony. For a second I was tempted to tell her to forget about the matinee”. Other relationships he attempts are with the girls in the bar, Ackley, and even a cab driver. He fails at each attempt. Holden is depressed and even though he would like to try and have relationships with others, he is not ready mentally. The only person he comes close to having a true relationship with is his sister Phoebe.

Assignment #1 - Vocabulary Practice

View the Vocabulary Model below and pick a "difficult" word to define.

Use a slide for each below:

1) Begin with the word you have chosen

2) Define the word using your own words

3) Write a "silly" sentence that defines the word (don't use the word in your sentence!)

4) Write an antonym (in your own word/s)

5) Pick a graphical element/drawing the defines your word

6) Bonus points for finding a video that illustrates your word.

Assignment #2 - Rwandan Genocide Webquest - Submit In Schoology

Webquest. Go to the following article to find the answers to the following questions:

Questions to answer:

1. Approximately how many days did the genocide last?

2. How many people were murdered?

3. Who are the two tribes involved in the genocide?

4. What excuse was used to start the genocide?

5. Who was killing whom?

6. Who tried to help internationally?

7. What was the nickname the Hutus called the Tutsis?

8. How did the genocide end?

9. How did the genocide affect the DR Congo?

10. Who is president of Rwanda now?

Assignment # 3 - Valentina's Story - Submit in Schoology* In this entire article which description do you find the most vivid? Why does it stand out for you?

* Adults are supposed to protect children. Should people who killed children be more punished? What should be their punishment?

* Do you think Valentina will be able to move on with her life considering the extreme traumas she has gone through?

A VERY Short History of Rwanda
Rwanda Genocide

Assignment # 4 - Rwanda 20 Years Later

The people who committed and were convicted of being a part of the Rwandan Genocide were given jail sentences and NOT death penalty. The often only served a few years. 20 years later some of the murderers and their victims were reunited. Review their stories here: Portraits of Rwanda

* Pick one portrait or analyze.

* First, describe and analyze the picture. Are the people touching? Is their body language uncomfortable? Does the victim have noticeable scars or injuries?

* Discuss the perpetrator's story. Are the genuinely remorseful? Or do you think they may just say what they think needs to be said? How can you tell either way?

* Discuss the victim's story. Have they forgiven their attacker? Are they still emotionally scarred or have they healed? How can you tell either way?

* What is your overall opinion. Could you be able to forgive in order to move on in your life? Would you take a picture with a person who attacked you?

Lesson #5 - Hotel Rwanda

Hotel Rwanda is based on real characters and events that took place in Rwanda in 1994. Tension between Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups reached a crisis point in that year, when Rwandan radio announced that May 5 was to be the ‘cleanup day’. On that day the capital, Kigali, must be cleansed of Tutsis. Nearly one million people were killed by Hutu militia shortly after this announcement. Hotel Rwanda is a film about this event. Hotel Rwanda is also about Paul Rusesabagina, who made the hotel he managed into a refugee camp. This single daring act allowed thousands to survive.

Background of Rwanda

Rwanda Rwanda is a country in Central Africa with a population of 10 million people. Historical records begin with a Tutsi king who took power in 1860. During this time, the Tutsi were the aristocracy and the Hutu were their servants. After World War I the League of Nations (an early version of the United Nations) gave Belgium power to administer Rwanda. The Belgians used the already existing Tutsi and Hutu differences and made these differences part of their colonial system. The Hutu were used as forced labour for the colonial administration, and the Tutsi supervised them. In 1933, Rwandans were given an ethnic identity card showing if they were Hutu or Tutsi. At that time, 85% were Hutu and 15% were Tutsi. This ID card and Belgium’s policy of favoring the Tutsi over the Hutu prepared Rwanda for future violence. In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium in 1962, the Hutus overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed. About 150,000 went into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these Tutsi exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. This war, along with political and economic problems, made ethnic tensions worse and led to the April 1994 genocide shown in the film Hotel Rwanda. The Film Hotel Rwanda is based on real characters and events that happened in Rwanda in 1994. It focuses on the efforts of Paul Rusesabagina, a hotel manager, to hide hundreds of Tutsi refugees from the Interahamwe militia.

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Pair/Share #5 - Using the above timeline & information, with a partner answer the following in Schoology

True or false? If false, explain how it is false.

1. The Tutsi ruled over the Hutu for more than 100 years.

2. There are more Hutus than Tutsis in Rwanda.

3. Belgium was given control of Rwanda after World War II.

4. Identity cards made it easier to know whether someone was Hutu or Tutsi.

5. The Belgians treated the Hutu and the Tutsi the same.

6. Fighting between the Hutu and the Tutsi began after Rwanda was given independence from Belgium in 1962.

Movie Comprehension # 5- Hutu / Tutsi

Movie Comprehension #5: While You Watch

Hutu and Tutsi 00.00 – 17.10

Complete the following sentences with words from the box.

George Rutaganda



radio announcer

Rwandan Armed Forces


Milles Collines





Colonel Oliver

Hutu Power Radio



1. The story is set in ___________ in ___________, Rwanda.

2. Paul Rusesabagina is the ___________ of the ___________ hotel.

3. ___________ leads the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Rwanda.

4. ___________ is the businessman who sells supplies to ___________. He is also the ___________ at the beginning of the film urging Hutus to “squash the cockroaches.” The radio station you hear is ___________.

5. Paul feels working with George is just ___________. He feels George and his followers are ___________ and won’t be ___________ for much longer.

6. The ___________ are a ___________ militia group. They are not the same as the Rwandan army. They have control of Hutu Power Radio.

7. General Bizimungu is the head of the ___________.

Assignment #5 - Huti / Tutsi - Submit in Schoology

Pick ONE question to answer below and write a paragraph response using out model paragraph format.

1. Paul tells Tatiana he cannot ask one of his contacts in the army to help his neighbor Victor, who was beaten and then taken prisoner by soldiers. He says he cannot help because Victor is not family: “Family is all that matters. All day long I work to please this officer, that diplomat, some tourist, to store up favors so if there is a time when we need help, I have powerful people I can call upon.”

a. What favors has Paul done so far, and who did he do them for?

b. Do you agree that “family is all that matters” in dangerous situations?

2. The Rwandan journalist explained the history of Tutsi-Hutu relations: “According to the Belgian colonists, the Tutsis are taller and more elegant. It was the Belgians that created the division. They picked people, those with thinner noses, lighter skin. They used to measure the width of people’s noses. The Belgians used the Tutsis to run the country. Then when they left, they left the power to the Hutus, and of course the Hutus took revenge on the elite Tutsis for years of repression.”

a. If you were Hutu, would you be angry with the Belgians who made physical differences important?

b. What if you were a Tutsi? Would you believe the Belgians and treat the Hutu like they were not as good as you?