The Road To Freedom
The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad
To my dear slaves...
Your escape from slavery will be anything BUT easy, good luck!1. First you must escape from your slaveholders and overseers. Be sure to gather your spouse and children and as many necessities as possible.
2. Be sure to attempt your escape during the night when dark falls. Sometimes there will be a "conductor" posing as a slave to help guide slaves northward. You will generally travel about 10-20 miles to the next station and wait with the stationmaster until messages from other stationmasters are communicated for continued travel.
3. If you lose your way, remember that Canada is NORTH so look for the North star for guidance!
4. To avoid dogs who catch slaves for slave owners, be sure to wash off and run through a river or body of water to rid the scent of your clothes.
Some of the key places on the Underground Railroad route are Florida, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Canada.
From Charleston, SC: (Denmark Vesey was enslaved here and after purchasing his freedom, he planned a rebellion which reached the leaders of Charleston)
- travel North into North Carolina and continue into Richmond, VA (Nat Turner's rebellion took place in Southhampton Country, VA. Turner and a group of followers killed many white men, women, and children on the night of August 21 and this incident haunted many white southerners.)
- From Richmond, VA keep north towards MD and pass through Washington D.C.
- Keep traveling up into you reach Philadelphia, PA
- Pass through New Jersey until you reach New York, NY- you're almost there!
- Continue into CT and you will be in Boston, MA
- From Boston, travel through New Hampshire and northern Virginia into MONTREAL, CANADA and you have reached freedom!!!
Levi Coffin: "President of the Underground Railroad."
John Rankin: Rankin and his wife Jean's home (overlooking the Ohio RIver) was the escaped salve's first stop in free territory and one of the most famous stations of the Underground railroad.
John P. Parker: Parker ferried slaves from Kentucky to Ohio
Lyman Beecher: Beecher organized the Lane Debates on Slavery and Abolition.
James Bradley: He learned the abolitionist tools to move fugitives from Kentucky to Ohio.
The Black Belt Region
"Black Belt" is used to describe a wide agricultural region in the South and also a high percentage of African Americans in the population.
Harriet Tubman was a born into slavery. She is known as one of the most famous Underground Railroad Conductors as she made 19 trips into the South and helped rescue over 300 slaves to freedom.
A family trying to reach freedom at dark