Ernest Rutherford

(1871-1937) performed the gold foil experiment

Describe the Gold Foil Experiment

The Gold Foil experiment is to shoot alpha particles at a thin sheet of gold. Most of the particles passed through the sheet, but a small amount was deflected.

What were 2 things that were discovered about the atom during the experiment

-The mass of an atom was concentrated at its center

-Proved that an atom is actually a small dense nucleus surrounded by electrons