Achaemenid

Time period (550 - 325 BCE)

According to Persian history, the dynasty reached its high point during the late fifth century. The dynasty suffered setbacks after Darius' reign ended and began to falter under Artaxerxesl's command. Then Alexander the Great toppled the Achaemenid dynasty in 332.


Geographic location

Stretching from Anatolia and Egypt across western Asia to northern India and Central Asia. Because of there location they where able to make trades with other large cities.


Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. "The Achaemenid Persian Empire (550–330 B.C.)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/acha/hd_acha.htm 9/18/14


Advanced cities

Babylon: This city was developed because of many inventions for example writing, the wheel, agriculture, the arch,the plow, and irrigation. This city does exist it is present day in Iran.

Jerusalem: Was mainly developed as a holy city to the Jews people, was first built on the hill south of Temple Mount. It is seen as very important in the Jews religion.


Social Structure

Society consisted of three classes, the warriors or aristocracy, the priests, and the farmers or herdsmen. They also had kings which was picked through decent. They society was run through a pyramid system.

Religion

Their gods were associated with natural phenomena, with social, military, and economic functions, and with abstract concepts such as justice and truth. Their religious practices included, among others, animal sacrifice, a reverence for fire, and the drinking of the juice of the haoma plant, a natural intoxicant.

Government

  • Established a tax-collection system;
  • Allowed locals to keep customs and religions;
  • Divided his empire into districts known as Satrapies;
  • Built a system of roads still used today;
  • Established a complex postal system;
  • Established a network of spies he called the "Eyes and Ears of the King."


Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. "The Achaemenid Persian Empire (550–330 B.C.)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/acha/hd_acha.htm 9/19/14


System of writing

The system of writing was syllabograms, which is symbols.


Technical contributions

Some contributions of contributions are writing, the wheel, agriculture, the arch,the plow, and irrigation. It effected the word because now they have all this equipment at there disposal so now they can grow there own food.


1st picture: is there religious book called Zoroastrianism

2nd picture: prophet Zarathustra

3rd picture: Cyrus cylinder, an inscription deposited in the foundations of the Esagila temple dedicated to the chief Babylonian god, Marduk.

4th picture: Seal of Darius the Great

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