The Age of Napoleon
The Concordat of 1801
The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801 in Paris. It remained in effect until 1905. This made catholicism the official religion of France.
In France, before napoleon, there was no official religion,they were focused only upon rational thoughts. When they signed the Concordat of 1801 catholicism was the official religion.
The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801 in Paris. It remained in effect until 1905. This made catholicism the official religion of France. The pope also did not ask for the lands back.
The ideas were not in line with the revolution because during the french revolution, the people only thought about rational acts and belief. They wanted all religion gone, they even made it a 10 day week to try to remove catholicism.
Yes, after Napoleon died catholicism still remained to be the official religion of France. Until 1905 where religion was free, and different religions moved into france.
Education was high on Napoleon’s priorities list. He built many new schools, named lycées. He recognized the importance of education, and more education was available to the middle class than ever before. He also believed that women didn’t need to learn. Before Napoleon, most people of the middle class were not education, only nobles were. This followed what the revolution was trying to achieve— Rights for all the classes— but did not give rights to women. After Napoleon, the word lycée continued and is used today as the french word for high school. In conclusion, Napoleon made the education system more widespread and important.
Before Napoleon, the financial system was a disaster. The taxes were increasing which caused the people to have less and less opportunities to buy things that they needed. This caused poverty and less money for the government.
Napoleon united France, no longer would jobs be given to those merely because of social status. The French under Napoleon would become united, strong, and most important equal. Napoleon brought stability and direction to a country without a course. His unification of France would have a profound impact on not only Europe, but the entire world. In 1800 he added to is overhaul of the financial system by creating the bank of France. The changes were in line, yes, because it straightened out the government’s financial problems and was bringing peace. Yes, the changes had a legacy beyond Napoleon’s rule. This is because the changes made a lasting impact on France.
Restructuring of Government
Napoleon took place in the coup d’état, which succeeded in overthrowing the Directory. After this, a new government named the consulate was formed. He was cunning and the consulate appeared as a republic, but he held absolute power. As the first consul, he help complete power over the government, the army, and foreign affairs. This went against everything the revolution fought for. The bloodshed was for nothing since the people held no say in what the government did and the system was once again corrupt. After the fall of his empire, the consulate was replaced.
The legal system before Napoleon was in chaos. France was under control of The Directory and by the Legislature. The problem with this was that many radicals did not enjoy this form of government approach. The body as well hadn't been able to solve the country's financial problems and was still dealing with problems the Committee of Public Safety caused.
The reform that Napoleon made was overthrowing the government with the Coup d’état and establishing a new government called consulate, and then later making the Napoleonic Code. This helped establish the gains from the revolution. It all so established the equality of every civilian before the law. The changes were in form with the French Revolution because one thing the people of the French Revolution wanted was that every person had to be equal. The only thing that went against the Revolution was that Napoleon made it harder for women to get a divorce which the revolution made it easy. This went beyond Napoleon's rule because it helped France turn away from the past. It did this by cementing the ideas that every citizen was free. This is also gave a principle that laws should appeal to every citizen because it was the first set of laws to treated everyone equally.