Care for the Reproductive System

by Brent Wilton

Testicular exams

-The screening looks for bumps on either the right or left testicle, the bumps can range from the size of a grain of rice to a pea.

-Men would be the ones to get the exam

-between the ages of 15 and 35 is when you should start checking for testicular cancer

-you should have a self exam once every month to become familiar with the regular size of the testicles, and if you feel anything out of the ordinary then get it checked out by a doctor

prostate exams

-the exam looks for Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by both cancerous (malignant) and noncancerous (benign) prostate tissue.
- 70 and older should get it

- men

- once when you are age of 70 and older

Mammograms

-used to check for breast cancer after a lump or other sign or symptom of the disease has been found

-women are more likely to get it

-over the age of 40

-every 6 months

pap smears

-A Pap smear is a medical test that helps doctors figure out if there are any problems with a girl's cervix

-Teen girls don't need to get Pap smears unless their doctors think something's wrong. Once a girl turns 21, she should start getting regular Pap smears as a way to monitor her health

-women

-From age 21-30 a Pap smear should be done every 3 years