by Zachyya Elmore
Who is Harriet Tubman?
Harriet was a slave in Dorchester County where she manged to escape and flee Noth. Harriet Tubman was also a conductor of the Underground Railroad. Tubman led over three hundred slaves north to freedom and even to Canada. Tubman was called Moses by the people she led north. Harriet Tubman also was a spy during the Civil War. She was a spy for the Union forces. She took her role of being a nurse at a contraband hospital. Later on Harriet was a scout for Colonel James Montgomery. Tubman had been with the Military Department of the South for two years.
Who is Harriet's family?
Her mother was Harriet Greene or known as Old Rit. Her father was Benjamin Ross. Harriet later on married a freed man named John Tubman.
Timeline of Harriet's Life
Harriet's Early Years
Harriet Tubman was born in Maryland in Dorchester County. Harriet was born in 1820. Harriet's birth name was Araminta Harriet Ross. Harriet was born onto the Edward Brodas plantation. Harriet was hired out at the age of six to Mrs. and Mr. James Cook. Harriet was living with terrible conditions at the Cook's home. She slept in the kitchen in a corner near the fireplace. The Cook's fed Harriet little scraps of food each day, not enough to feed a dog. Harriet later on caught the measles. Mrs. Cook sent Harriet back to Brodas and told him that she was stupid and unteachable. Harriet was hired out again to a lady named Miss. Susan. Harriet was to look out for Miss. Susan's baby and do housework. Harriet ran away from Miss. Susan. Harriet stayed in a big pigpen from Friday to that next Tuesday and then she went back. Harriet was sent back to the Brodas Plantation once again.
Harriet's Year of 1831
In the year of 1831, Harriet was grown up to wear a bandanna. Harriet believed that the Underground Railroad was boarded by a train and that it took African American slaves North. The fall of 1831, it was Christmas season and many corn and wheat was harvested. In Dorchester County their were big parties on the plantations. Harriet watched Barrett's slave carefully. The slave stood there just looking at the big pile of corn. Harriet noticed that the slave was moving the next moment. Barrett's slave was running away. The overseer saw the slave and took after him, so did Harriet. The slave ducked into the store at the crossroads. The overseer ask Harriet to help hold the slave, so he can whip him in the store to teach him not to run away anymore. Harriet did not help. The slave ducked out of the door of the store. Harriet blocked the door from the overseer. The overseer picked up a two pound weight and tried to swing it at the runaway slave. But, he accidentally struck Harriet in the head with the weight. Harriet was brought back to the plantation bloody and unconscious. Everyone was sure that Harriet was going die. The other slaves said that if Harriet was going to live she would be surely sold. Later that year, the master died.
Harriet's Teenage Years
When Harriet was able to work again she and her dad were hired to John Stewart. Harriet at first did housework. Harriet hated doing housework, so she asked Stewart can she work with the men in the fields. Stewart told Harriet that she can try it and if field work didn't work she will be put back in the house to do housework. At the age of nineteen Harriet was given praise by her father. Harriet liked working for Stewart but she disliked when he showed her off to his guests.
Harriet's Patchwork Quilt
In 1843, Harriet began working on a patchwork quilt. The quilt was beautiful to Harriet and the pattern colors meant different things. The yellow was like the Jerusalem flower, the purple suggested mother wort, the white pieces were like water lily, the green represented the leaves of all plants,and the eternal green of like palm trees.
Harriet's Adult Years
Harriet was know married to John Tubman. They were married in 1844. Harriet told John how she wanted to go North to freedom. John threatened to tell the Master if Harriet fled. Meanwhile, in 1849 a white lady stops by and talks to Harriet in a wagon . The lady kept talking to Harriet each day. The lady told the overseer that if they needed anything or if Harriet did let her know. Meanwhile, Harriet and brothers were going to be sold to a Georgia trader. Harriet knew that she was going to have to try to escape North by herself. That night, while john Tubman was sleep Harriet gathered her quilt, some leftover ashcake, and a good sized salt herring. Harriet needed some help with directions to the North. Harriet remembered what the lady said, if she needed help let her know. Harriet knocked on the door softly. The lady invited Harriet in. The lady handed Harriet a paper to show her the next safe stops on the Underground Railroad. Harriet learned that the Underground Railroad was not a railroad. Harriet wanted to thank the lady for her help, but she had no money. Harriet gave the lady her beautiful quilt. That night, Harriet made her way through the woods carefully. When Harriet arrived in Pennsylvania, she had traveled nighty miles from Dorchester County.
Harriet's First trip to Canada
In Dorchester and Caroline County, the masters kept hearing about a man named Moses. Moses was running off slaves. The masters never even saw Moses and thought his existence was not true. In December of 1851, Harriet began to plan her trip to Canada with a band of fugitives. This trip was going to take a long time. Harriet had eleven runaways in this party to Canada. Harriet had eleven thousand dollars worth of slaves on her hand. On their way to Canada Harriet told them about Thomas Garrett. She said that Garrett called them God's poor and that he would give them all a new pair of shoes. The runaways did not believe Harriet. One slave was discouraged and turned back. Harriet aimed the gun at the slave. The slave hesitated and joined the group. Harriet told the group that they had to "Go free or die." The group finally reached Thomas Garrett's house in Wilmington. Garrett gave them all shoes and provided them carriages for the next stop. In late December, Harriet reached St. Catharines, Canada West with the eleven fugitives. It was very cold in Canada, but Harriet manage to love Canada. In the fall of 1852, Harriet went backed to Dorchester County and brought out nine more fugitives to St. Catharines, in Canada West.
Harriet's Last Years
Harriet was a scout and a spy in the Civil War for the Union forces. She began playing her role as a spy at an contraband hospital. Harriet died on March 10, 1913. She was honored in Auburn on July 12, 1914. Harriet was also know as the "most remarkable women" before she died. Harriet was remembered in Auburn with a bronze tablet on the front entrance of the Courthouse in Auburn.