The March on Washington

For Jobs & Freedom

*Why Did This Happen?*

People had been getting a lot of attention from civil rights actions and racial tensions had been rising.

*What was it?*

This was a movement for civil rights and to bring attention to black workers. Some people went to bring attention to racial discrimination or just to support a good cause. In any case it was the largest demonstration of civil rights movement. It was a symbol of the civil rights movement.

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*What happened?*

On August 28th, 1963 250,000 people marched from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial. After they got there they listened to performances of music from celebrities and speeches from civil rights figures.

*Who was involved?*

Members of civil rights groups, churches, synagogues, trade unions, fraternal organization and women's clubs, Movie stars, novelists, and politicians participated in it. It included civil rights leaders John Lewis, Bayard Rustin, Roy Wilkins, Whitney Young, and Labor leader Walter Reuther. It also featured music by Marian Anderson, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Mahalia Jackson, and the trio Peter, Paul, and Mary. It brought together the 6 largest civil rights groups.

*The True Leader*

Most people think that Martin Luther King Jr. was the main person involved with the march. This is not true. A. Phillip Randolph was the director of the march and thanks to his careful planning it was a success. His plan covered everything from the order of the program to how to safely and efficiently get people into and out of the city.
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*I Have a Dream*

The speech was the highlight of the evening and is most well known thing about Martin Luther King Jr. The first half of the speech describes the racial injustice that King saw in the United States. The second half describes King’s dream for a future of equality and racial harmony.
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(/*-*)/ SPEECH! \(*-*\)

The full "I Have a Dream" speech. ~ *Optional* ~

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The people who attended demonstrated their ideals of equality. This is because the march was for freedom and equality when dealing with job opportunities so they must believe in things at least similar to this idea.
History Specials: King Leads the March on Washington | History


In 1963…

  • the United States population was: 179,323,175
  • the African American population was: 18,871,831
  • Racial segregation was legal in all states

“Freedom is never given; it is won.” -A. Philip Randolph, October 15, 1937

*The Effects*

Because of this march Kennedy proposed laws to protect civil rights of all U.S. citizens.
After Kennedy's death his vice president (who became president) Lyndon B. Johnson persuaded Congress to pass Kennedy's proposed laws in the Civil Rights Act of 1964.