Colonizing Southeast Asia

Westerners wanted a bridge from their mainland to china in order to get to resources without being taxed. Britain specifically had several territories that southeast asia would have connected, which would have lessened traveling and trade tax for british citizens

Social Darwinism

Imperialism was tied to Social Darwinism and racism. Social darwinists believed that the fit are victorious in a struggle between nations. Racists believed that a certain race was superior, and the others were inferior. Racist beliefs led military force against nations. This idea caused many racial rifts between Europeans and indigenous people

Western Nations

The goal of all Western nations was to expand into regions such as Southeast Asia, India, and Africa. In addition to this they wanted to obtain more resources to further advance their industrialization. Specifically Great Britain colonized into Singapore, China. From there they went into Burma with the goal of protecting their possessions in India. Britain had a rivalry with France in which both countries were trying to obtain colonial rule in Thailand. However Thailand, under the rule of King Mongkut and King Chulalongkorn, stopped Thailand from falling to European nations. France and Britain agreed to keep Thailand as an independent Buffer state between their possessions in Southeast Asia. The British used indirect rule in order to keep citizens of their colonies calm and to make them less likely to revolt.

Commodore George Dewey

George Dewey was a U.S. Naval commander who defeated the Spanish fleet in the Manila Bay to gain control of the Philippines for the United States. He was one individual who believed in his moral obligation to “civilize” other parts of the world. In doing this the U.S. also believed they stopped the Japanese from gaining this territory, and they used imperialism as a way to expand their trade with China.

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Emilio Aguinaldo

He lead the independence movement in the Philippines and was recognized as their first president. He opposed George Dewey and the U.S. forces after they defeated the Spanish.

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King Mongkut/Chulalongkorn

During the end of the nineteenth century France and Great Britain were rivals and both posed a threat to put Thailand under colonial rule. However Thailand had two kings Mongkut and Chulalongkorn who opposed this. Both king’s promoted Western learning, and maintaining friendly relations with the major European powers. In addition to this they united Thailand. Therefore both Great Britain and France agreed to leave Thailand as a buffer to protect the possessions in Southeast Asia.

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