Bangladesh

Changing Culture

History of Bangladesh

Until 1947 Bangladesh was know as East Bengal province, Great Britain had held control since the early 1700s. 1947 East Bengal was joined with Pakistan and known as West Bengal. On March 26, 1971 Bengal was in open conflict with Pakistan after Pakistan had executed several hundred people, and arrested the Awami League's leader, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

How Economics and Politics have Changed Culture

Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world and has a GNP of $350 and overall of $44 billion. They have a small amount of resources with natural gas as their only abundant source. Bangladesh is still a developing country with a very defined line between poor and wealthy. About 75% of Bangladesh's work force is in agriculture, and most farmers in this nation are subsistence farmers. 15-10% are involved in the industrial sector.

Owning land in Bangladesh is a socioeconomic statement as to your own wealth. This is not the only way to show your socioeconomic class as education and occupation can play a role in this.

Next, when it comes to justice sometimes it is up to the court, but in some rural areas criminals may be beaten in public. This shows how economics and politics can play a role in culture and how people live their daily lives.

Holidays in Bangladesh

Ekushee is the national holiday on February 21 commemorating all the martyrs in that protected the Bangla language in 1952. Shaheed Minar (Martyr's Monument) is Bangladesh's independence day, on March 26, is the day Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan. Polia Boishakh is the Bengali New Year this occurs around the beginning of April. May Day is a celebration on May 1 and it celebrates the laborers and has speeches as well as cultural events. Bijoy Dibosh, Victory Day in Bangladesh, on December 16 1971 is when Bengali and Indian forces got a surrender from Pakistani forces.

Rabindranath Tagore

The author of the Bangladesh national anthem was Rabindranath Tagore he was a writer and painter. Rabindranath was the very first non-european to win the Nobel Prize in literature.



Amar Sonar Bangla


English Translation


My Golden Bengal

My golden Bangla,
I love you.

Forever your skies,
Your air set my heart in tune
As if it were a flute.

In spring, O mother
The fragrance from your mango groves
Makes me wild with joy,
Ah, what a thrill!
In autumn, O mother
In the full blossomed paddy fields
I have seen spread all over sweet smiles.

What beauty, what shades,
What affection, what tenderness!
What a quilt have you spread
At the feet of banyan trees
And along the bank of every river

Oh mother mine, words from your lips
Are like nectar to my ears.
Ah, what a thrill!

If sadness, O mother
Casts a gloom on your face,
My eyes are filled with tears!
My golden Bengal,
I love you.

Bibliography

  1. "South Asia :: Bangladesh." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 29 Mar. 2016. Web. 06 Apr. 2016. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html>.
  2. Harris, Micahel. "Bangladesh." Every Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2016. <http://www.everyculture.com/A-Bo/Bangladesh.html>.