The original cluster of thirteen Freedom Riders–seven African Americans and 6 whites– left Washington, D.C., on a racer bus on could four, 1961. Their set up was to achieve point of entry, Louisiana, on could seventeen to commemorate the seventh day of remembrance of the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education call, that dominated that segregation of the nation’s public faculties was unconstitutional. The cluster traveled through Virginia and North geographic area, drawing very little public notice. the primary violent incident occurred on could twelve in Rock Hill, South geographic area, wherever John Lewis (1940-), AN African-American seminary student and cogent member of the scholar Nonviolent coordinating Committee (SNCC), a civil rights organization; white civil rights worker and war II (1939-45) Navy veteran Albert Bigelow (1906-93); and another African-American rider were savagely attacked as they tried to enter a whites-only waiting room. consequent day, the cluster reached Atlanta, Georgia, wherever a number of the riders split off onto a Trailways bus.
violence in Alabama
On May 14, 1961, the hound dog bus was the primary to arrive in Anniston, Alabama. There, associate angry mob of regarding two hundred Caucasoid race encircled the bus, inflicting the motive force to continue past the terminal. The mob followed the bus in cars, and once the tires on the bus blew out, somebody threw a bomb into the bus. the liberty Riders on the loose the bus because it burst into flames, solely to be viciously crushed by members of the encircling mob. The second bus, a Trailways vehicle, traveled to Birmingham, Alabama, that day, and people riders were conjointly crushed by associate angry white mob, several of whom brandished metal pipes. Birmingham Public Safety Commissioner Bull Connor (1897-1973) expressed that, though he knew the liberty Riders were inward and violence hoped-for them, he denote no police protection at the station as a result of it had been Mother’s Day.