# The Tales of Tessellations

### Ariana Kocab

M.C. Escher is considered the "Father" of modern tessellations of art that also includes math. Escher studied at the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem from 1918 until 1922. He traveled and met his future wife in Italy. They then started a family and stayed mostly in Rome until 1938. Italy is where he made most of his memoriable landscape creations. Then after traveling all over Europe, they moved to the Netherlands and there he became interested in mosaics. After awhile, he made a new kind of art which includes mathematics, tesselations. Escher was inspired by studying the Moorish use of symmetry in the Alhambra tiles during a visit in 1922. In around 1936 he became interested in order and symmetry and he used symmetry to create color drawings. In 1956 he met a Canadian mathmatician who inspired him in hyperbolic tesselations, and after that he made artwork using two and three dimensional images (spheres, colums, cubes). He continued his work until his dealth in 1972.
Tessellations

## Testy Transformations

The three types of transformations, translation, reflection, and rotation, are all apart of tessellations. Rotation would be described as when a shape or figure is moved or turned in a circular fashion. To describe a reflection is when a shape or pattern is the mirror image of itself. A translation is where a shape or pattern slides to a different location, but stays the same. When there is pattern and it's reflected on the opposite plane and intertwines with the other, it makes a tessellation. Also, when a pattern or shape is translated and copied many times next to, or by itself, the result is a tessellation. In addition, when a shape is copied and rotated to a different spot, the process of that happens numorius times until you get a tesselation pattern.

## Ariana Kocab

7th grade honors math, Mrs. Adamson, 2nd period