Drafting A Legislative Bill

Special Education Law 212

Issue of Concern Stating the Rationale

The Department of Education cannot arbitrarily remove funding for special education services.

Solution

Prohibit budget cuts to special education services.

Those that are Affected by this Legislative Bill

The Process that the Bill Would go through in Order to Become a Law:


  • Beginning of the bill, Introduction of the Bill to the house, the bill is printed into the congressional record and the speaker of the house assigns the bill to the appropriate committee.
  • The chairmen of the committee then receives a copy of the bill and places it on the legislative calendar. Then expert advise is considered and reviewed.
  • When the committee is satisfied with the bill they send back to the house for debate. It’s possible for the bill to die, if they find the bill is deemed unnecessary.
  • Consideration and debate: the members of the house debate the bill and propose amendments (changes), when the debate is over the house votes on the bill.
  • The votes are tallied and if the majority of the house is in favour, it passes and the bill is sent to the senate.
  • If it fails but the speaker feels it should still be a law, they go back to the committee and do more research. Otherwise the bill dies.
  • If the bill goes through it is sent to the US Senate, it is reviewed and discussed and is voted on at the senate. After the senate votes, its returned to the house with any changes being noted, if the senate has made any changes then the house must revote on the bill so the house and the senate can mutually agree.
  • If both chambers pass the identical legislation, the final document is prepared for the president. The clerk reviews the bill to ensure its accuracy and then sends it to the speaker, the speaker then passes the document to the president of the senate.
  • After it is signed by the president of the senate, then the clerk of the house delivers the bill to the clerk at the white house. Then the president has 3 options: pass, veto or pocket veto. If it is signed, or pocket vetoed and not officially vetoed within 10 days it becomes law. If the bill is vetoed it is sent back to the house of representatives to be re-reviewed.
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The Process of How Regulations are Developed

The U.S Department of Education is responsible for developing special education regulations
1) The proposal is listed in the federal register so members of the public can review it and make comments.
2) Revision of the regulation accordingly and issue a final rule. The final rule is recorded in the federal register.
3) Once a regulation is completed and has been printed in the FR as a final rule, it is codified and when it is added to the Code of Federal regulations.

The Review Process for a Law

1. Trial Court

2. Appeals Court

3. Court of Last Resort