By: Troy Meservey
Dr. Alfred Xuma arose to high position within the ANC in 1940 when he became the president of the party. Born to a Xhosa family, Xuma rose to high social class becoming a doctor studying in both the U.S. and Britain. From the get go, Xuma desired to fix the organization of the opposition of Blacks in the Cape. Through his earlier years he also set minor revisions to the ANC Constitution that are neglected to truly be focused on. Alfred Xuma's fame came from the bonding he had of several anti-apartheid groups. Xuma began the connection of anti-apartheid groups that will continually be desired by several ANC leaders in the future. One of the unifications he made was a pact with the SAIC. Xuma's strive for the unity of the anti-apartheid movement as a whole created a further following of people, expanding and strengthening the influence across South Africa. In 1943, the Atlantic Charter Committee and Xuma created a document named "African Claims", which provided forth the charted path to racial equality in South Africa. This document did not have the power that the Freedom Charter would have, but can be considered a predecessor to the Freedom Charter. This document arose after the Second World War, which actually was a benefit to Xuma and the ANC because it provided an industrial boost. This boost led to the creation of more jobs and opportunities for the South African Blacks who were put in horrible occupational positions. All of this could not build enough of a basis for Alfred Xuma to stay in office longer because when the Youth League was created in 1944 there was an increased call for militant action. Xuma fell under pressure from this new call for action and ultimately led to his replacement by Dr. Moroka in 1948. Xuma's position within the ANC is credited with bringing many men into the organization, one of which being Nelson Mandela.
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Digital image. Sahistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015. <http://v1.sahistory.org.za/pages/governence-projects/organisations/anc-history/images/xuma_ab.jpg>.
N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lZ9rts2f4iM>.
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