Constitutional Convention

By: Jazzlyn Alvarez

The Constitutional Convention

  • Took place on May 14, 1787
  • Took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Was first set up to revise the Articles of Confederation, but then it was later intended to create a new government.
  • George Washington was elected leader of this convention
  • The convention resulted in the creation of our United States Constitution.
  • Included in the convention was

The Virginia Plan

  • Was created by James Madison
  • Proposal for new form of government
  • Main purpose of the plan was to protect large states interest in the new government
  • Had 15 resolutions, some based on the ideas of Montesquieu
  • Proposed a separation of powers; Judicial, Legislative, Judicial
  • Proposed checks and balances
  • Wanted each state to be represented by their proportion to the number of free inhabitants

The New Jersey Plan

  • Was proposed by William Patterson
  • Was a counterproposal to the Virginia Plan
  • Proposed on June 15, 1787
  • Legislature would be unicameral
  • States would be represented equally, each with one representative.
  • Believed states were independent entities, and they would remain free and individual

Supporters of the Virginia Plan

James Madison

  • Was an political theorist, American statesmen, and the fourth President of the United States
  • Lived March 16, 1751- June 28, 1836
  • First man at convention
  • Known as the "Father of the Constitution"

George Washington

  • Was the first President of the United States
  • One of the Founding Fathers of the United States
  • Born in 1732
  • Was elected Commander in Chief for the Continental Army in 1775
  • When the Constitution was ratified the Electoral College elected him president.

Supporters of the New Jersey Plan

William Paterson

  • New Jersey statesmen
  • Signed the U.S. Constitution
  • Proposed the New Jersey Plan
  • Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
  • Federalist party

Luther Martin

  • Politician
  • One of the Founding Fathers
  • Refused to sign the Constitution because he felt it violated state's rights.
  • Consistently sided with small states.
  • Helped create the Virginia Plan

Problems at the Convention

Some issues revolved around..

  • Representation; How many representatives would each state have? And how would you count slaves into the population? Did they count?
  • If slavery would continue to be allowed or not
  • The way a President would be elected and how long would their terms be
  • States rights
  • The way that the central government's power would be limited to prevent peoples right to be taken away