North vs. South
Kelsey S p.6
Geography in the North and South
In the South the southerners enjoyed mild winters and long hot summers. There was a lot of swaps and marches along the coast. They had broad flat rivers, the ships could go could sail up their rivers and dock or load tobacco or other cash crops. Most of the southerners were farmers.
Transportation in the North and South
In the South they used the rivers to get places instead of roads like the North. Since the river was the main transportation in the South, most towns and cities came along the waterways. some railroads did get built in the South, that helped Southern farmers ship their products to the North. In 1860 the South had just 10,000 miles of railroad.
Economy in the North and South
The people in the South worked on their own farmers, but the plantation owners had slaves grow their cash crops such as tobacco, rice, sugarcane, and indigo. in 1793 Eli Whitney made the cotton gin, it was a hand-operated machine that cleaned seeds and other unwanted material from cotton. Between 1790 and 1850 the number of slaves rose from 500,000 to 3 million. Many white Southerners put more money into land and slaves, the didn't like the idea of factories.
Society in the North and South
The whites in the South enjoyed a life full of parties and social visits. While the boys went to collage the girls got little education instead they were brought up to be wives and hostesses. 10% of white families were to poor to own land. A small amount of African Americans were free blacks, the free blacks had to wear special badges, pay extra taxes, and live away from the whites. The majority of African Americans were slaves or cooks, carpenters, blacksmiths, house servants, or nursemaids.