Ethics of physhologicial research

Chapter 1.13 By:Veronica Sacco

What is it ?

The ethics of psychological research is whether or not the psychological studies carried out on animals and people is morally correct.

The Guidlines for Doing Research with People

Doing research with people is a rather difficult task. In these studies the people come first, that means that the people must know what's going on in the study and how it is going to affect them, if there's any risks and what those risks are, and all data recorded during the study is confidential. The research comes second, so in some cases the study group needs to be deceived so the study will work, and informed after why they needed to be deceived. The participants are also allowed to leave the study whenever they want for any reason they choose.

Psychological animal studies

Animals are very useful in a wide variety of studies, not only because they live shorter lives making long term effects easier to identify, but also because researchers can control just about every variable of the study. Researchers can also do many things to animals that they couldn't do to people. Some people think animal studies are cruel but without these studies there would be no cures or vaccines to deadly diseases and illnesses.

Case Studies "The Monster Study"

The monster study is one of the most well known of psychology experiments, it was a stuttering experiment on 22 orphans in Iowa. It was conducted by Wendell Johnson in 1939. Johnson first started by putting the children in 2 groups the control and the experiment. Next positive speech therapy was given like receiving praise to half the kids and negative speech therapy was given to the rest that involved yelling and screaming. Results showed that normal kids who received negative therapy suffered negative psychological effects and some developed speech problems.

AP Style Question

You are testing a new drug to see how people will react and you know that the drug has minor to major side affects depending on the person. You are given 2 groups for the experiment. A group who will actually be taking the drug and a group receiving a placebo. Having everyone believe that they took the real drug. Is it ethical or unethical to tell the patients the side affects of the drugs? Why or why not?

Additional Information

Ethics is the study and evaluation of moral conduct under moral principles. Moral principles that one has constructed for themselves or the moral principles of the surrounding society.