Glass Window Repair Atlanta

Glass Window Repair Atlanta


In the graphic arts, the carnation means colour in the flesh (faces, hands, etc...).

«Blood», «Jean Cousin» and «carnation» terms were used to describe different types of glass window repair whose colouring varies the flesh tone to the Brown brick red or blood.

Are these shades to primarily illustrate the human skin, lips, cheekbones of the cheeks, in reflections on the human body.

Their appearance is located between a greyness and the email: it is both transparent and smooth.

Mid 16th century.


The origin of the representation of the 'carnations' observed on the stained glass since the end of the 15th century is the 'blood on glass.

Furthermore, studies of income and multiple panels prove that these products ranged from one workshop to another. To make the flesh tone, the workshops were used as well the grisailles, glazes and colours of cementation and click here.

The only constant in these old panels is the lack of thickness of layers (approximately 5 µm).


It is a grisaille with hues ranging from warm brown to very bright red.

It was used to make a red hair models, to draw the face of a young character. It can also be processed in grisaille black or Brown, for wood elements.

Mid 16th century.

The blood is the main component of carnation products, these are obtained from its settling.

The blood is composed of hematite (Fe2 O3). (Natural ferric oxide) hematite is a mineral producing a red color if it is ground into very fine grain and a brown color when used in larger grains.

Using the hematite in very thin layer is obtained the possibility of colour in your flesh and translucent as a colorless glass window replacement.


According to Nicole Blondel, 'Jean Cousin' is color case-hardened variant of pink to warm brown, obtained from derived from the iron (sulfate and peroxide).

'Jean Cousin' today means products used since the beginning of the 16th century to color skin tone. This name comes perhaps from the name of its inventor (?). This term is used since the 19th century by the manufacturers of paints for ceramics and glass: the Lacroix House.