Groups & Organizations

By Kylie Jo Patterson

Social Group

In the social sciences a social group has been defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity ("Social group", Wikipedia). The two main social groups are Primary and Secondary groups.
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Primary Groups

Primary groups are defined as a small social group whose members share personal & enduring relationships. The most common examples of these groups are family, close friends, and intimate relationships. The main goal of primary groups is not to accomplish something but to focus more on the relationships themselves. These relationships are usually long term, have personal orientation, and are taken more seriously.

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Secondary Groups

Secondary Groups are defined as being large and impersonal social groups devoted to some specific activity or interest. These social groups are usually short term and goal oriented. Examples of these groups would be classmates or co-workers. Most secondary group relationships are taken less seriously and have weak emotional ties.
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Instrumental Leadership

Instrumental leaders are more strict and emphasis the completion of tasks. They focus on planning, directing, problem solving, and controlling others. They focus less on the people doing the job, and more on the job itself. They often make decisions based off of their own judgement alone rather than consulting with others.
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Expressive Leadership

Expressive leadership emphasizes the collective well-being of others beneath them. They are known to be more caring and empathetic of others. They care about the job at hand, and those completing the tasks. They give attention to interactions and relationships of those completing tasks. These types of leaders are more likely to hear what others have to say and include others in decision making.
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Work Cited

"Social Group." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 18 May 2016 "Primary Groups - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. Web. 19 May 2016. Null, Derek Michael. "Groups & Organizations." Prezi.com. 18 Apr. 2016. Web. "Leadership Styles." Leadership"Social Group." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 18 May 2016.