King David

(1000 B.C-960 B.C)

BY Camron Nembhart

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WHO????

KING DAVID; Eighth and youngest son of Jesse of Bethlehem; married: Michal (daughter of Saul); married: Abigail (widow of Nabal); married: Ahinoam of Jezreel; married: Bathsheba (widow of Uriah and mother of Solomon); married: Haggith (mother of Absalom and Adonijah); and several others unnamed; children: (sons) Adonijah, Amnon, Absalom, Solomon, (daughter) Tamar, and others. He was also the ruler of Israel from about 1000 B.C to roughly 960 B.C and

second King of the Israelites, is one of the most vividly portrayed characters in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), a warrior, lawgiver, musician, and poet, loyal to his superiors, harsh in his judgments, ruthlessly cruel in war, but singled out by God for glory. He stands at the center of several crucial events in the history of the Israelites and has, accordingly, been a subject of exhaustive study among Jewish scholars for centuries. Christians have been almost equally fascinated with David, some seeing him as an Old Testament foreshadowing of Jesus, and others noting that Matthew's Gospel begins by tracing Jesus' lineage through the House of David. Whatever the reader's religious affiliation, the stories of King Davidhave an intrinsic fascination--there is no other ancient king of whose life we know so many details. As one recent historian noted: "The Biblical record gives us astonishingly vivid portraits of the principal actors in the national drama, portraits which rival and even surpass those we find in the finest Greek historians more than half a millennium later."

WHAT????

transformed a throne created by brutal military necessity into a glittering institution which combined religious sanction, oriental luxury and new standards of culture." Paul Johnson



Greatest Israelite king in the Old Testament, who unified Israel and Judah, vanquished the Philistines, outwitted all rivals, and established a strong kingdom centered at Jerusalem.


WHEN?

  • Born: 1000 B.C
  • Died: 960 B.C


WHERE???

king david lived in israel and was king of Jerusalem


WHY???

transformed a throne created by brutal military necessity into a glittering institution which combined religious sanction, oriental luxury and new standards of culture. David became Saul's principal commander and, due to Yahweh's aid (which Saul knew he himself had lost), won one campaign after the next. When Michal, Saul's younger daughter, fell in love with David, Saul offered her to him in marriage. The biblical passage (1 Sam. 18:20) which introduces Michal is the only place in the Hebrew Bible which specifies the love of a woman for a man. Instead of asking a bride-price for Michal, Saul asked David to give him 100 Philistines' foreskins, anticipating that David would die in the attempt to kill his enemies and gather this grisly form of payment. But David killed 200 and, after counting out the foreskins at Saul's feet, took his bride. We never learn whether he loved her or whether it was, for him, simply a marriage for political advancement. Later events suggest that she became madly jealous of actual and possible rivals.