Mesopotamia

By Daniel Noonan

The Geographer

Mesopotamia was located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf, or Between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. They call Mesopotamia the Fertile Crescent because the rivers deposit a lot of nutrients to the land so it is fertile. Mesopotamia means the land between 2 rivers, because it is between 2 rivers.

Here is my hand drawn map of Mesopotamia.

Climate in Mesopotamia

They had a hot type of climate. They would often get temperatures at or above 110 degrees.

What Country Now?

many countries were located where Mesopotamia once stood. They are Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. All of these countries stand today where 1 stood many years ago, Mesopotamia.

Distance

From our school in Elm City to Mesopotamia is about 6383 miles. I found this by taking a city in Iraq (Baghdad) and calculated the distance on my computer.

The Historian

Cities That Made Homes

When Mesopotamia was first made there were many cities and civilizations. Some of these were Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Babylonians, and Hitties.

Reqrierments

There are 5 steps to becoming a civilization.

1: Domesticate animals and planting crops

2: Building houses

3: Intellectual achievements

4: Technology

5: Laws and Rules


Importance of Laws

The Hammurabi laws are important because it kept the civilization doing the right thing or what they believed was the right thing.

Lists of Laws

1: If any one steal the property of a court or temple he shall be put to death and also the person that receives the stolen things shall also be put to death.

2: If any one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.

3: If any one finds runaway slaves and brings them back to there owner the owner must pay the person who brought the slaves back 2 shekels of silver.

4: If any one who is caught committing robbery he shall be put to death.

5: The field, garden, and house of a chieftain, of a man, or of one subject to quit-rent can not be sold

Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh was a Sumerian king who everyone believed was part god and part man. He had many stories of his great adventuers.

The Agriculturalist

Farming and Agriculture

The people from Mesopotamia were great farmers. They had a surplus at one point. They made canals and would let water flow in slightly over there farm land. Then it would be wet and they could plant.

Poisoned fields

Poisoned fields contributed to the decline of Mesopotamia because it would poison the food then to the people.

food

they ate meat, fish, fruit, and vegetables.

Water

Civilizations like the ones in Mesopotamia would live near bodies of water so they could get water to drink.

Steps of farming in mesopotamia

First you would need to flood your fields so you can have wet nutritious farm land. Then you need to plough your farm fields. after that you run the harrow through the field to make it smooth and level. Then you drop seed into the ground using the seeder-plow. Then you water the field 3 times (after sowing it). Finally when your crops are ripe you harvest them.

the archaeologist

hanging gardens of Babylon

The gardens were made in Babylon. They were built to please king Nebuchadnezzar's wife. it was a temple like building that had a lot of trees and hanging plants that is why they call it the hanging garden of Babylon.

4 inventions

wheel: it helped with transportation

canals: they helped with farming

farming: they could stay in one place for a long time because they could grow there own food

buildings: it helped people live safer and in 1 place longer.

My name in cuneiform

classes of people

There are gods, then kings then priests then noblemen and warriors then farmers and slaves.

ziggarauts

Ziggarauts were temples. The people believed that the gods lived in them. they were used to worship the gods.