Looking into The Earth's Suface

by Katie Kriz

Rock

The forming of a solid mineral material in the underground surface.

Characteristics:


  • Solid substance
  • Mixed with a variety of minerals
  • sometimes there are no minerals present

Mineral

A naturally formed igneous solid substance.

Characteristics:


  • forms in nature
  • is a solid
  • has a definite chemical makeup
  • has a crystal structure

Examples

Aluminum:

Uses- Transportation, packaging, building/construction, electrical machinery

Products- Aluminum foil

Antimony:

Uses- Hardening alloy for lead, storage batteries, cable sheaths

Products- Fireworks, salt, rubber

Barium:

Uses- Oil well drilling, filler for cloth

Products- ink, plastic products, spark plugs

Clays:

Uses- Floor and wall tile, sanitation, mud drilling, bricks

Products- Pet waste absorbent, fiberglass, paint, iron ore

Copper:

Uses- Building construction, electric products, transportation

Products- Brass, bronze, cables, wires

Gold:

Uses- Dentistry, medicine, electronic instruments, mining

Products- coins, ingots, arts

Halite:

Uses- Preparing sodium hydroxide, used in ceramic glazes

Products- Food seasoning, animal diet, soda ash

Iron ore:

Uses- manufacturing of steels, auto parts, medicine

products- printing inks, paints, plastics, cosmetics

Lead:

Uses- Lead-acid batteries, gasoline addictive, tanks

Products- glass, radiation shielding, ceramics, crystal glass

Lithium:

Uses- air treatment, primary aluminum production

Products- batteries, portable electronic devices, silver solder

Manganese:

Uses- Manganese ferroalloys, machinery, transportation

Products- Iron, steel

Mica:

Uses- Oil well-drilling, roofing, wielding rod

Products- Paints, joint cement, dusting agent

Nickel:

Uses- chemical and aerospace industries, transportation, electrical equipment

Products- Coins, earrings, household items

Perlite:

Uses- Construction, roof insulation, fillers

Products- Filter aids

Quartz:
Uses- Homing appliances, construction, bathrooms

Products- Tiles, walls, counter tops

How do rocks and minerals effect the daily lives of humans?

Rocks and minerals impact human life tremendously. Without it we would have no counter-tops, bathtubs, brick houses, or pretty much all things you contain in your house. Daily life would be a struggle if you had no table to eat your dinner on and if you had to take a shower in -5* weather. One big resource we use extremely often is this such as gravel, without out there would be no such thing as roads, and that would mean no cars. We'd practically still be in the stone age! Cause you be walking everywhere.