Close and Critical Reading
Supporting Secondary Students Across the Content Areas
What is Close Reading?
“Close Reading of text involves an investigation of a short piece of text, with multiple readings done over multiple instructional lessons. Through text-based questions and discussion, students are guided to deeply analyze and appreciate various aspects of the text, such as key vocabulary and how its meaning is shaped by context; attention to form, tone, imagery and/or rhetorical devices; the significance of word choice and syntax; and the discovery of different levels of meaning as passages are read multiple times.”
(Brown and Kappes, 2012)
Scaffolds of Close Reading
•Short, complex passage
What Does This Mean for Teaching & Learning?
- Students will need to build "reading stamina."
- Address fluency for those students who need it.
- Students need many opportunities to practice close reading of complex text across the content areas
- Students need support in developing academic language proficiency through speaking, listening, and close reading.
- Students need opportunities to use evidence to inform, argue and analyze (write and speak with support from sources)
- Staff should collaborate on reading strategies and academic vocabulary across the curriculum.
- Departments should discuss what content-area reading students are experiencing and what they are doing to support students in navigating complex text.
- Skills Matrix: Best Practices for the Social Studies Classroom (and others, too!)
- Melissa Wing's Weebly for ELA: www.melissawingELA.weebly.com
- A Primer on Close Reading