Greek Cultural Contributions

Cara Davis

Architecture

Greek architecture is known for its columns. There are three types of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures, and paintings. Every city-state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek architecture through Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capital Building, Supreme Court, and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence.

Government

Government in Ancient Greece was a direct democracy where everyone had a say and could vote. The council was chosen by a lottery with names. All white males over 18 could be leaders. Everyone was expected to participate. How frequently the leaders changed has changed a lot since then, but the most recent was every year they changed by a name in a lottery. There were many slaves in ancient Greece. A lot of wars and battle occurred by the most popular two were the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.

Like Ancient Greeks we have a democracy, where people vote on everything. We also have to be 18 to participate in government issues. Our presidents term limits can only be elected twice, and they are president for 4 years.

Mythology

They used mythology in Ancient Greece for storytelling to explain natural events. There were many mythological heroes in Greece including: Hercules, Achilles, Odysseus, Atlanta, Jason, and Perseus. The two main people who wrote mythology were Homer and Aesop. Some of the gods and goddesses were: Zeus, the god of the weather. Hera, the goddess of weddings and marriages. Athena: the goddess of war and cunning wisdom. Apollo, the god of sun,music, and poetry. Demeter: the goddess of fertility. Poseidon: the god of the sea. Ares: the god of war. and Artemis: the goddess of hunting. After the Greeks died they would go to the underworld to be judged.

We still have somethings like Greek mythology today like the book and movie Percy Jackson, and the movie Hercules. Also, we still learn about them today.

Philosophy

Philosophy was very important in Ancient Greece. Some famous philosophers included: Euclid, Herodotus, Epicus, Zeno, Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Clitomachus, Archimedes, Socrates, Anaximander, and Hippocrates. They each believed in different methods of philosophy, such as Plato believed that the physical and intellectual world exist together. Aristotle believed that Matter was the basic of how life exists, and Socrates attempted to find life's virtue. some of the books that they wrote were, The Republic, the Complete works, Meno, Apology, and Gorgias. They also tried to answer important questions about life like does the universe have a purpose, and what the world is made of, how the body is made, and what does actually exist? Most Greeks were afraid of them because they questioned the government, some like Socrates were even killed.

We still use Greek philosophy today in math and health. PI was originally Ancient Greek philosophy. In health, we still use the Hippocratic oath. Also, in geometry we have the Pythagorem theory.

Sports

In ancient Greece, to play the sports you must be an all free male Greek citizen. Some sports that you could participate in are: the long jump, running races, wrestling, boxing, discus throwing, torch race, chariot racing, and mule-cart race. Many gods, leaders, and some unmarried women watched the sporting events. Whoever won the sporting competitions were honored with statues, parades, and free meals for a year.

Most of the sports they played are still in the Olympic games that we still have today. At some high-school and college track events they still have the long jump, javelin, shot put, running. Horse racing is still popular today at fairs, derbies, and lots of other places.