The Harlem Renaissance

What does the term "Great Migration" refer to? Why did it occur?

The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970. It occured because African Americans migrated to escape the widespread racism of the South, to seek out employment opportunities in urban environments, and to pursue what was widely perceived to be a "better life" in the North.
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Why is the term "Harlem Renaissance" used to describe this period of literary activity?

Because this was the time of rebirth of culture, like arts, and music, and stuff changed because of a huge change of an African American population.

What was the common bond among among the writers of this period?

They all experienced the same experiences so what they wrote about all had a similarity.

What role did literature play in the struggle of racial injustice in their era?

They got to share their stories, on how they were treated and how stuff was unfair for them.

Aaron Douglass


  • Aaron Douglas was an African-American painter and a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Born: May 26, 1898,

  • Died: February 3, 1979

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Jacob Lawerence





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Augusta Savage


  • Augusta Savage, born Augusta Christine Fells was an African-American sculptor associated with the Harlem Renaissance.
  • Born: February 29, 1892, Green Cove Springs, FL

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Lois Mailou Jones


  • Lois Mailou Jones was an artist who painted and influenced others during the Harlem Renaissance and beyond, during her long teaching and artistic caree

  • Born: November 3, 1905, Boston, MA



  • Died: June 9, 1998


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Laura Wheeler Waring

  • Laura Wheeler Waring was an African-American artist and educator, best known for her paintings of prominent African Americans produced during the Harlem Renaissance. She also taught art for more than 30 years at Cheyney University in Pennsylvania.

  • Born: May 16, 1877, Hartford, CT


  • Died: February 3, 1948, Philadelphia, PA


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Beauford Delaney

  • Beauford Delaney was an American modernist painter. He is remembered for his work with the Harlem Renaissance in the 1930s and 1940s, as well as his later works in abstract expressionism following his move to Paris in the 1950s.

  • Born: December 30, 1901, Knoxville, TN


  • Died: March 26, 1979, Paris, France


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