Common Infectious Diseases

By: Justin Donohoe

Strep Throat

  • Bacterial Disease
  • Common in teens
  • Strep is short for Streptococcus
  • Found in the throat and nose
  • can spread by contact of mucus

Lyme Disease

  • Bacterial Disease
  • When someone is bitten by an infected tick
  • best way to protect yourself from this is avoid tick bites
  • fever, chills, and body aches

Bacterial Meningitis

  • Bacterial Disease
  • Infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid around the brain
  • need medical attention immediately
  • fever, headache, vomiting, and a stiff neck

Tuberculosis

  • Bacterial Disease
  • infection of the lungs
  • transmitted when droplets from an infect persons lungs cough or sneeze

Treating Bacterial Diseases

  • If the doctor determines that you have a bacterial disease, he or she may treat your infection with an antibiotic a drug that inhibits or kills bacteria

Common Cold

  • Viral Disease
  • sneezing, sore throats, runny noses, coughing, chest congestion, fever, headaches, and muscle aches

Influenza

  • Viral Disease
  • the upper respiratory system
  • high fever, sore throat, headache, and a cough

Pneumonia

  • Viral Disease
  • elderly people or people who have heart disease or breathing problems
  • many people die each year from pneumonia

Hepatitis

  • Viral Disease
  • Infect the liver can cause hepatitis
  • Hepatitis A transmits in human waste
  • Hepatitis B more severe than A transmits in blood or sexual contant
  • Hepatitis C more severe than A and B transmits in blood or sexual contant

Treating Viral Disease

Over the counter meds will make you feel better but not cure the virus

Preventing Infectious Diseases

  • Wash your hands
  • Don't share items
  • cook and store food properly
  • avoid close contact with sick people
  • stay home when you dont feel good
  • eat well balanced meals