by awesome boy
THE POPULATION increased by 1851 to 1861 from 500462 to 3168082 people. England had the most migrants arrive in Australia during that time. There was a decrease in the number of people migrating from America because they had their own gold rush during that period time.
Some or most of the gold diggings became small towns within Australia and they still exist to this day. E.g Bathurst and Ballarat. This is called putting down roots as people decided to stay and not move away