Air-Sea connection

How are the oceans and the atmosphere connected?

Air-Sea connection

The sea and atmosphere are both fluids.Waves and surface currents are wind-generated. The atmosphere pushes the ocean surface along. But as the ocean moves, heat is redistributed and eventually tossed back into the atmosphere. The exchange of heat influences the pressure field in the atmosphere, which modifies the wind field. The first figure below shows how this exchange and feedback take place. The water vapor carries away the ocean heat, and then, when condensation occurs, the borrowed heat is released into the atmosphere. Without the oceans, our weather would be unearthly.

How are oceans and atmospheres connect?

The atmosphere affects the oceans and is in turn influenced by them. The oceans act upon the atmosphere in ways not clearly understood to influence and modify the world's climate and weather systems. The atmosphere obtains nearly half of its energy for circulation from the condensation of evaporated ocean water, Because the oceans have an extremely high thermal capacity when compared to the atmosphere, the ocean temperatures fluctuate seasonally much less than the atmospheric temperature. For the same reason, when air blows over the water, its temperature tends to come to the temperature of the water rather than vice versa. Thus maritime climates are generally less variable than regions in the interiors of the continents.

Air and Sun

-Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon, carbon dioxide

-Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere, and Troposphere

-Water vapor, Air temperature, and air density all have the relationship of as the temperature rises air pressure decreases and density decreases when you add water vapor the density decreases even more.

- When cloud droplets in clouds grow and combine to become so large that their fall speed exceeds the updraft speed in the cloud, and they then fall out of the cloud.

The Coriolis Effect and the Wind

- The Coriolis Effect is a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation.

- The Coriolis effect deflects the air to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere

- They are six distant air masses with individual airflow patterns

- Trade winds where found in the southern hemisphere, and they are caused by surfaced winds

- Westerlies are found In the west to the east, they are caused when the wind are in the middle latitudes between 35 and 65 degrees