Bosnia and Herzegovina

By Lanie Patterson Period 6 5/8/15

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Climate and Weather

The best time to visit Bosnia and Herzegovina for sightseeing is during the spring and summer. The country has mountainous terrain with numerous valleys. It also has 20 kilometers of beautiful coastline on the Adriatic Sea (about 12.4 miles). Average rainfall per year in the capitol, Sarajevo, ranges from 2.5 inches to 4 inches. Below is the range of temperatures throughout the year in Sarajevo. The climate is warm and sunny, especially by the Adriatic Sea.
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Culture

The three main languages spoken here include: Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. However, Bosnian is the official language of the country. Some American holidays are celebrated here, such as Labor Day. Other holidays include religious ones like Christmas, Good Friday, Feasts of Islam, and Easter Sunday. About 40% of Bosnians are Muslims, but a large portion of the population are Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christian. A tradition in the mountainous regions is sheep farming.
Living Cultures: Bosnia-Herzegovina

Sightseeing and Activities

Currency, Government, Economy, and Exports

The currency used in Bosnia and Herzegovina is called the Bosnian Convertible Mark. 1 Bosnian Convertible Mark is equal to about $0.57 in U.S. dollars. Bosnia's central government is represented by a tripartite presidency, with representatives from the main cultural influences: the Serbs, the Croats, and the Bosnians. Presidency rotates every eight months among the three groups. The current presidency is between Zeliko Komsic, Nebojsa Radmanovic, and Bakir Izetbegovic. There has been slow improvement of freedom in their economy, and is still considered in the "mostly not free" category. However, they have made developments in their economy since the civil war (1990-1995). Some of their exports include base metals, machinery, textiles, footwear, and wood. Their GDP is $17.85 billion (as of 2013).
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Bosnian Style Cornbread (Razljevak)

Ingredients:
  • 1 table spoon of cornmeal for dusting
  • 1/2 cup of all-purpose flour
  • 1/4 cup of semolina flour
  • 1 teaspoon of baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • 2 eggs, lightly beaten
  • 1 1/2 cups of buttermilk, add more as needed
  • 1/3 cup of vegetable oil


Directions:

  1. Preheat an oven to 400 degrees F (200 degrees C). Butter an 8x8-inch baking dish and sprinkle 1 tablespoon cornmeal over the bottom of the dish.
  2. Sift the all-purpose flour, semolina flour, 1/4 cup cornmeal, baking powder, and salt together in a bowl. Whisk the eggs, buttermilk, and vegetable oil together in a separate large bowl. Mix the flour mixture into the egg mixture until just combined; don't overmix. The batter should be pourable; add more buttermilk as needed to get the right consistency.
  3. Bake in the preheated oven until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean, about 20 minutes.


NOTE: This cornbread is very different from the sweet, cake-like American kind. It is more spongy, and has a distinct buttermilk flavor.

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Transportation and Lodging

The cheapest round trip airfare from Ohare Airport in Chicago to Sarajevo, the capitol, costs $1,001.70. The hotel is 11 minutes away from the airport in Sarajevo. It is called Villa Hipodrom (shown below), and is rated 3.5 stars and costs $57 per night. Well-furnished with modern appliances. and a nice pool.
  • Day 1 - You arrive at the airport. Go to the Europe Rental Car agency. Then drive to the hotel, which is pretty close. Then go to sleep because it is dark outside.
  • Day 2 - Drive to Bascarsija, an old market place in Sarajevo, which is 29 minutes away. A great place to take in the culture and to get souvenirs from the traditional shops and cafes. When done, drive back to hotel and enjoy pool and food.
  • Day 3 - Drive to Tunnel of Hope, which is a tunnel dug during the civil war (1990-1995) to bring necessities to the townspeople. It is about 4 minutes away from the hotel, and is a powerful memorial of the war here. When finished with the tour go back to hotel, or stroll around the city.
  • Day 4 - Drive to Vrelo Bosne, which is a spring of River Bosna, and is about 14 minutes away. It is a very beautiful natural place to stroll and hike through, and is an exceptional place to take pictures of nature if that is your thing.
  • Day 5 - Drive back to Bascarsija. You probably missed the Sebilj Brunnen, which is a wooden fountain by a breathtaking view of the Bosnian Mountains. The public water fountain is cleaned every morning by a local municipality, and a local legend says that if you drink from the fountain, you will return back to Sarajevo.
  • Day 6 - Hang around at hotel because you are probably tired from traveling and driving. Take a nap, or go swim in the pool. They also have great food at the hotel.
  • Day 7 - Time to go home. But first you got to check out of hotel, drive to airport, and return rental car. You are probably sad, but don't be, because chances are you are coming back because you choose to drink from the fountain. I hope you enjoy your trip.

(costs here include the plane tickets, the rental car, hotel fees, gas for your car, food, and souvenirs.)

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Works Cited

"Bosnia and Herzegovina." Climate ZONE. Climate ZONE, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.climate-zone.com/climate/bosnia-herzegovina/>.

"Bosnia and Herzegovina." Ethnologue. SIL International, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.ethnologue.com/country/ba/languages>.

"Bosnia and Herzegovina." World Weather & Climate Information. World Weather & Climate Information, n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <http://www.weather-and-climate.com/average-monthly-Rainfall-Temperature-Sunshine-in-Bosnia-Herzegovina>.

"Bosnia and Herzegovina Things to See and Do." World Travel Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2015. <http://www.worldtravelguide.net/bosnia-and-herzegovina/things-to-do>.

Nardelli, Alberto, Denis Dzdic, and Elvira Jukic. "Bosnia and Herzegovina: the world's most complicated system of government?" The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, n.d. Web. 2 May 2015. <http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2014/oct/08/bosnia-herzegovina-elections-the-worlds-most-complicated-system-of-government>.

"Sutjeska National Park Info." National Park Sujetska. European Union, n.d. Web. 2 May 2015. <http://www.npsutjeska.net/stranica.php?id=1&naziv=osnovne-informacije&jez=en>.

Taya. "Bosnian Style Cornbread (Razljevak)." All Recipes. All Recipes, n.d. Web. 5 May 2015. <http://allrecipes.com/Recipe/bosnian-style-cornbread-razljevak/detail.aspx>.