Strep

Avah Benoit

What is a streptococcal infection?

Strep is short for Streptococcus, a type of bacterial infection. There are 2 different types of strep, Group A and Group B. Group A appears most in the population. Strep is most common in children between the ages of 5 and 15, but can also affect adults and unborn babies.

Group A can cause

  • Scarlet Fever - causes a red rash all over the body. Scarlet fever appears after strep.
  • Impetigo - Most common in children between the ages of 2 and 6. Appears as red sores surrounded by red skin. They usually occur on the face, arms, or legs.
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis - a flesh eating disease. Symptoms include fever, chills, swollen glands or lymph nodes, and a painful rash which can cause the skin to blister and scab.

Group B can cause


  • blood infections, pneumonia, and meningitis in newborns.
  • urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections, and pneumonia in adults.

Symptoms

  • Severe sore throat
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Fever of 101 or over
  • Swollen lymph nodes or tonsils
  • Red throat with white or yellowish spots
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash
  • Body aches

Risk Factors

  • If untreated, strep can lead to kidney inflammation and rheumatic fever.

How Does Strep Spread?

Strep throat is most contagious in the first 2-3 days a person has it. It is passed from one person to another by a cough, sneeze, or breathing.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment


  1. Prescribed antibiotics from a doctor
  2. Drinking lots of fluids
  3. Throat Lozenges
  4. Extra sleep
  5. Herbal Teas



Prevention


  1. Avoid contact with infected people
  2. Washing your hands a lot
  3. Good diet, lots of sleep, some exercise
  4. Keeping a humidifier in your house if you're in a dry climate

Citations

  • "Strep Throat." - Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 20 Dec. 2012. Web. 8 Apr. 2015.
  • "Strep Throat Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Strep Throat Self-Care and Home Remedies - EMedicineHealth." EMedicineHealth. Webmd. Inc., 9 Jan. 2015. Web. 9 Apr. 2015.
  • "Strep Throat-Topic Overview." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2015.
  • "Streptococcal Infections: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 10 Feb. 2015. Web. 9 Apr. 2015.