LIfe on the goldfields
Life on the goldfields was difficult. When people first started arriving on the goldfields they lived in calico tents and slept in makeshift mattresses which were filled with leaves , but when time went by , bark huts and stone buildings were built to replace tents. Miners also had to have simple diets , this is because there was not much food on the goldfields and to save money to pay for their license but , some would bug alcohol illegally instead of food and use their money to gamble.
Life on the goldfields were also very strict.The miners had to pay a fee of 30 shillings per month for their licences to mine on the goldfields. If there licences had expired miners could be arrested or even killed. There was also another big law on the goldfields which was that no alcohol could be sold on the goldfields , this was to prevent bad behavior on the goldfields. This law did not stay. After a matter of time people were selling illegal alcohol.
Tools used to mine and different techniques
A cradle was a tool used to separate gold from soil and water.
A gold pan was a tool that people used to scoop up soil gravel and sand and then would shake leaving small gold nuggets or flacks of gold if lucky.
A windlass is a hand powered tool used to lift buckets of dirt from a mind shaft.
The miners would send down the bucket by welling the windlass and then fill it up with rocks , clay and gravel chipped from the walls of the mine. Then the other miners would lift the bucket up to the surface.
A pick is used to break up rocks and clay to find hidden gold.
A shovel is used to load rocks and dirt into the pan or cradle.