Nasa Mission Cassini
1957 to 1958. Later NACA were incorporated into NASA.
Cassini's mission type is an Orbiter. Cassini was launched at the Cape Canaveral Air Force station in the United States with its launch vehicle being the Titan IVB/ Centaur. It weighs 5,712 kilograms fuelled and with everything it needs without the fuel and everything else it weighs 2,125 kilograms (3,587 less kilos). The spacecraft is 6.7 metres and 4 metres wide. The total cost for Cassini was around about 3.27 billion dollars.
Cassini used many instrument including optical and radar imagers as well as composite infrared spectrometres, imaging systems, ultraviolent imaging spectrographs, visual and infrared mapping spectrometres, imaging radars, radio science, plasma spectromeres, cosmic dust analysers, magnetometer, magnetospheric imaging instruments and plasmic wave science which were all used for different reasons.
15th October 1997- Cassini's launch
21st April 1998- Venus flyby
18th August 1999- Earth-moon flyby
30th December 2000- Jupiter flyby
31st March 2001- Jupiter observations complete
11th June 2004- Phoebe flyby
1st July 2004- Saturn orbit insertion
24th December 2004- Huygens probe release
14th January 2005- Huygens probe landing
27th November 2011- Distant flyby of Titan
Cassini was actually the first spacecraft to orbit Saturn as Pioneer 11 and Voyagers 1 and 2 were flyby missions. On the 14th of January 2005 Cassini dropped a huygens probe which entered the Titan's (Saturn's largest moon) atmosphere and was the first to send images back from a moon other than Earth's. Cassini continued its mission making many Titan flybys and got close inspections of other moons including Iapetus, Enceladus, Dione, Rhea and also encoutered other moons like Tethys, Mimas and Hyperion although it was from a further distance. Cassini inspecting Titan gave scientists a glimpse of what our planet might have looked like before life on Earth. Cassini's achievements have contributed to our knowledge and understanding of Saturn, many moons and Earth.