South Africa

Apartheid

What?

  • a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
  • The Nationalists ruled South Africa at this time and made the laws that discriminated black people.
  • Everything, including medical care, education, and even the country's beaches were segregated by race.
  • In December of 1956 Nelson Mandela was charged with treason for fighting the Apartheid, but after a four year trial he was found not guilty.
  • On August 5, 1962 Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for his role in bombing government targets.
  • In November of 1974, South Africa was removed from United Nations due to the Apartheid. They were not allowed back in until end of apartheid.
  • On May 10, 1994 Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa after being in prison for 27 years.


Who?

  • Nelson Mandela was born July 18, 1918.
  • He has been trying to get an education in different degrees but never graduated until 1989 in Law.
  • He started getting more involved in the anti-apartheid movement, joining the African National Congress Youth League in 1942.
  • For 20 years Mandela directed peaceful, nonviolent acts of defiance against the South African government and its racist policies.
  • in 1961 he began to believe that armed struggle was the only way to achieve change.
  • Nelson Mandela imprisoned for 27 years for trying to abolish the apartheid.
  • When he got out of prison he immediately urged foreign powers not to reduce their pressure on the South African government for constitutional reform.
  • He announced that armed struggle would continue until the black majority received the right to vote.
  • In 1991 Nelson Mandela got elected president of the African National Congress.
  • Nelson Mandela died December 5, 2013.

Where?

  • South Africa, also known as Republic of South Africa, is a country located at the southern tip of Africa.
  • South Africa is a multicultural having a wide variety in languages cultures and religions.
  • Its economy is the largest and most developed out of all the countries in Africa.

When?

  • The Apartheid government started in 1948.
  • But racial segregation has been around for many decades.
  • It ended officially in 1990 and in 1994 it had its first democratic election.


How?

- It started because of racial segregation due to black people demanding more respect from white people.

- The Apartheid also started due to a need by the DF Malan's Herenigde National Party to limit the integration of white South Africans and black South Africans.

Why?

  • It was at the National Party in 1948 Apartheid was first introduced to the people. It was after the Great Depression and WW2 that the government of South Africa got convinced to strengthen its policies of racial segregation.
  • Their goal was not to only separate South Africa's white minority from the non-white majority, but also to separate non-whites from each other, and to divide black South Africans along tribal lines in order to decrease their political power.
  • The Population Registration Act of 1950 provided a classification on all South Africans by race. Bantu (Black Africans), Colored (mixed race) and white. In some cases, the legislation split families. Parents could be classified as white, while their children were classified colored.


Results

- Nelson Mandela was released from prison and in the country's first election that let both black and white people vote Nelson Mandela was elected president.

- Crime increased. since racial segregated zoning was lifted all races were free to go where ever they wanted. This caused conflict between the races because when black people started to move to Johannesburg, the white families would move out.

- South Africa separated due to racism, this cause a lot of hate and fights to occur. Theses problems were resolved when Mandela became president because he did his best to fix it.


Works Cited

"Apartheid." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Jan. 2014. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.


"The History of Apartheid in South Africa." The History of Apartheid in South Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014.


"Nelson Mandela - Biographical." Nelson Mandela - Biographical. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.