Australia

Antwanette

Major Places:

  • Sydney- 4,667,283 people.
  • Melbourne- 4,246,345 people.
  • Brisbane- 2,189,878 people.

Government:

  • federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Economy:

The Australian economy has experienced continuous growth and features low unemployment.

Landforms:

  • AYERS ROCK (Uluru)
  • CAPE YORK PENINSULA
  • DARLING/MURRAY RIVER SYSTEM
  • DARLING RANGE

Climate:

  • Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere, so seasons are opposite the Northern Hemisphere. The warmest months are December, January, February; the coldest are June, July and August.

History:

  • Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia at least 40,000 years ago. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Captain James Cook took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain.

Natural Resources:

Australia is among the world's largest producers of minerals.


  • Australia has extensive deposits of coal. Coal is mostly found in the eastern part of the country in the Sydney and Bowen basins.
  • Natural gas is also abundant in Australia. Natural gas is used to heat homes and power certain types of vehicles.
  • Australia's land itself can be considered as a resource. Australian soil is used to grow food in the form of crops and to produce food for raising livestock, such as cattle.