The Bill of Rights

Ayonna Goodman, History, 5th Period

1st Amendment: freedom of speech, religion, and the press

You can say or write whatever you want, along with the choice to practice any religion you'd like.

Court Case: Schenck vs. United States

Military conspiracy caused citizens to be upset and take action. They were not found guilty.

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2nd Amendment: The right to bear arms

The government can't stop people from owning weapons if they have proper license for it

Court Case: Bonidy vs. United States

Man was taken to court for having his gun on him while picking up a package from USPS. The man had a permit, however he still got taken to court because USPS did not allow weapons on their property. However, the man was not charged because he had a permit.

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3rd Amendment: the right to privacy in the home

Soldiers cannot barge into someone's home and demand a place to stay

Court Case: Nevada Man

Nevada man felt as if his right had been violated when police barged into his home without a warrant. The officers were not found guilty.

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4th amendment: unreasonable search and seizure

Police must have a warrant in order to search one's home

Court Case: Muehler vs. Mena

Police searched man's house just because he was an immigrant. The officers were not found guilty or even arrested.

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5th Amendment: double jeopardy, self incrimination, and due process of law

Grand jury must be present in order for one to have to answer for a crime

Court Case: Barron vs. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore

Man damaged property, but did not want to replace it. Was taken to court and police were mad because he knew his rights and would not speak without a jury present.

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6th Amendment: the rights of the accused in criminal cases

Quick trial, and a chance to understand what they have done wrong

Court Case: Powell vs. Alabama

Racism caused black males to be taken to court but was dragged on because the young men had a jury that was indecisive. However, in the end the men were found guilty.

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7th Amendment: The right to a jury trial

No turning cases away if they've already been paid

Court Case: Tull vs. United States

Government tried to turn a man's case away but could not because he had already paid. The man was not found guilty because he was in fact correct.

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8th Amendment: preventing cruel and unusual punishment

No over the top penalties, especially for prisoners that have not been rightfully accused

Court Case: Roper vs. Simmons

Mentally ill boy who was 17 years old sentenced to death because of his mental state. The officer was found guilty because he violated the young man's 8th amendment, along with murder.

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9th Amendment: rights retained by the people

The Constitution may not be disobeyed

Court Case: Griswold vs. Conneticut

Right to privacy was taken away from a man after he was taken to court. He complained but was not released. The courts still found him guilty.

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10th Amendment: limiting federal powers

Rights are saved for everyone in the United States

Court Case: U.S. Bond

Enraged woman spread toxic chemicals all over her ex-bestfriend's car in an attempt to kill her. She was found guilty of attempted murder.

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