Llama

Brittany Marton

Facts


Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Mammalia

Order:Artiodactyla

Family:Camelidae

Genus:Lama

Species: Glama


Type: Mammal Diet: Herbivore Size: Height at the shoulder, 47 in (120 cm) Weight: 250 lbs (113 kg)

Diet

Llama eat grass, leaves, and shoots and then they regurgitate it and chew on it. After much time they finally swallow it. They can eat an assortment of plants, and can live off of little water. This is what contributes into why they are so durable.

Habitat

They have a range of them along the Andes mountains, yet not found in the wild. They can be found throughout North America, Europe, and AustraliaMountainous deserts and grasslands. The areas they live are covered with many shrubs and grass, with reasonable temperates.

Lifestyle

They travel in herds, and are very social animals. Its relatives are camels, alpacas, and vicugnas. The are believed to have evolved from camel, and share many similarities beside the fact that they do not have a hump They are also very smart and are able to adapt and pick up tasks in little time. They are not endangered, and are actually very wide spread with over 3 million llamas world wide. Over 70% of the population is located in Bolivia. Some of their predators include mountain lions, coyotes, and ocelots. Yet now that they have gone through geographic redistribution and they are now able to repopulate and continue to grow in numbers. They in groups of about 20 with 6 breeding females and the leader is a male llama that aggressively defends his position by engaging in dominance fighting. This fighting consists of the male trying to wrestle the opponent to the ground by biting his limbs and wrapping his own long neck around his opponent’s. Dominance is achieved when the opponent has been pushed to the ground and has properly submitted to the victor. They live for up to 20 years, but on average 15 years. It walks on all fours, and can reach the top speed of 40 miles per hour, they dont usually run unless running from a predator. They have also been seen bouncing with all four feet off the ground. They are polygynous meaning that they have more than one female as a mate at a time. They usually have about 6 at a time, after driving away all other males.