The Indus River Valley

By: Zachery F, Spencer, Ashlee, Cheyenne, Caleb, and Chloe

Political

  • Government was organized
  • Created complex plumbing systems
  • Living area protected by the Himalayan Mountains
  • Created massive structures without modern tech
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Geography

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• The Indus River valley ran through the Himalayas Mountains.

• It's located in the Valley Of Large.

• Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China are located near the river.

• The river is no longer in present day India.

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Economic

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When they traded they normally stuck close to land so they didn’t lose where they were going. We know this because many archaeologists found some trade items on the beaches near the route they most likely took. Some trade goods included terracotta pots, beads, gold and silver, coloured gem stones such as turquoise and lapis lazuli, metals, flints, seashells and pearls.


Not only did the water provide them with transportation for trade but with food as well. Since fish was so abundant back then that was a major food source for them. This was also safer then hunting because you had a high chance of dying when out in the wild where many animals were very vicious.


The most unique aspect of construction during the Indus Valley civilization was the system of drainage. Their main sewer was 1.5 meters deep and 91 cm across. It connected too many north-south and east-west sewers. It was made from bricks that were smoothened and joined together seamlessly. The expert kept this sewer watertight. Drops which were planned at regular intervals acted like an automatic cleaning device.

Intellectual Arts

The Indus people used fired sealed clay tiles as their writing. These sealed clay tiles contained lines, marks, and pictographs to tell stories and there way of life. Researchers and Archaeologists still don't know what their "writing" means.

Vedic Religion

  • The Vedic people believed in an early form of Hinduism
  • Civilization took name from the Vedas (series of Hindu religious documents)
  • Worshipped three major deities: Brahma (creation), Vishnu (preservation), and Shiva (destruction)
  • Brahmins were priests, helped Vedas perform rituals correctly
  • Reincarnation was an important part of Hinduism
  • Karma and dharma were laws that allowed reincarnation into a higher caste
  • Ultimate goal was to achieve moksha (release from reincarnation)
Ancient Indus River Valley Religion

Social

Traits of civilization based on ruins
  • Organized
  • Intellectual
  • Peaceful
  • Had plenty of free time
Social status


  • Used the Caste system (ranked by supposed level of spiritual pollution