Acids & Bases
by: Andrew Little
Acid and Bases
A base is generally an ionic compound that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.
Arrhenius Acids & Bases
Bases are compounds that ionize to yield hydroxide ions (OH-).
Acids yogurt, vinegar,lemon juice, citric acid, apples, jelly, pineapples, cranberry sauce, milk, and batteries.
Bases- taste sour; turn litmus paper red; and react with certain metals, such as zinc, to yield hydrogen gas.
Naming Acids and Bases
Bases- follows the same rules but adds a hydroxide to the end of each base.
Molarity & pH
Mathematically it describes how concentrated a solution is
Measured in M
the lower number M the better it is, and the higher the number the worse it is
so if you get a 12M HCl and a .1M HCl the 12M is the worst pH
pH is the the proportion of H= in a solution
formula - pH=-log[acid]