Spina Bifida

Congential Conditions

Spina Bifida-

a congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone. It often causes paralysis of the lower limbs, and sometimes mental handicap.

What causes Spina Bifida? How do children acquire it?

Causes:

  • genetics
  • nutritional
  • environmental factors all play a role

Woman who take folic acid, also common with vitamin B can cause Spina Bifida.

How does it form?


When the baby is developing, there can be a birth defect or they can be healthy. How any baby can get this is if the baby's spine (vertebrae) doesn't form like its supposed too around the spinal cord. The defect can be mild or severe.

Can Spina Bifida Be Prevented?

Yes, Spina Bifida is best prevented by taking 400 micrograms of folic acid every day. Studies shown that if a pregnant woman took multivitamins and includes vitamin B that the percentage will reduce up too 70%

What are some Symptoms or effects of this condition?

People may experience:

Gastrointestinal: bowel obstruction, constipation, or leaking of stool

Muscular: muscle weakness, stiff muscles, or overactive reflexes

Skin: birthmark, brown spot on skin, or skin cyst

Urinary: bedwetting, leaking of urine, or urinary tract infection

Also common: hunched back, intellectual disability, nerve injury, paralysis, paralysis of the body's lower half, or physical deformity

What Treatment options are there for this condition?

You can do Surgery, also Devices like for instance a back brace, or Medical procedures.

How can Spina Bifida be detected?

Spina Bifida can really be detected if the pregnant mother is in her second trimester (16-18 weeks) and can normally just be detected through an ultrasound or maternal serum alpha fetoprotein (MSAFP) screening.
Big image