Famous People of the Middle Ages

Joan of Arc, King John, and William Conqueror

Joan of Arc

Biographical Info

 "The Maid of Orleans" (1412?-1431) Born in Domremy, France Words to describe her were heroine, brave and peasant. Became a Saint of the Roman Catholic Church

Significant Events

Joan of Arc was a simple peasant girl who had rescued France from its darkest moments during the Hundred Years' war with England. She had led a French army into battle against the English who had Attacked Orleans, which is why she got the nickname "Maid of Orleans" for her victory. When she was being killed for her crimes her last words were " Jesus, Jesus!" By the time she was 13 she believed she was seeing religous visions and hearing Saints talking to her.

Importance

When the English army had taken Orleans, King Charles VII was so desperate that he was willing to listen to a little girl named Joan of Arc. Once he realized that her supernatural powers were true he had gave her armor and her own army to lead into battle in Orleans which was a victory.

King John

King John

King John was born in 1167 and died in 1216. King John is one of the more famous monarchs of England and is most associated with the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215. John was born on Christmas Eve, the youngest son of Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. As a child, John was always overshadowed by is older brother Richard.

Memorable Moments

King John is most famous for the signing of the Magna Carta. Which caused a war with the barons of England. During this war King John he suffered from Dysentery and he rode off with all of his treasures, when he was crossing a small river his wagon was engulfed in water and he soon died shortly after and Henry III succeded him.

Importance

Without him the Magna carta would have never been made and England would probably not be the same that it is today.

William the Conquerer

The first Norman king of England

(1027?-1087), was the first Norman king of England. He took the throne in 1066. He came to power following his army's victory over the Anglo-Saxons at Hastings on the English coast. As king, William maintained tight control over the government.

Memorable Moments

William's large army landed on England's southern coast. The Normans destroyed the Anglo-Saxon army. They killed Harold at the Battle of Hastings on Oct. 14, 1066.On Christmas Day, 1066, William was crowned king of England.Over the next several years, William put down several local rebellions. He took lands from those who resisted him. He kept some of the land for himself. He gave the rest to his loyal followers.

Importance

He had founded many monasteries and by conquering England he set in motion huge changes in English politics, language, and culture.