Tennis

Abby Jolly and Mallory Carpenter

Basic Rules:

  • The game starts with a coin toss to determine which player must serve first and which side they want to serve from.
  • The server must then serve each point from alternative sides on the base line. At no point must the server’s feet move in front of the baseline on the court prior to hitting their serve.
  • If the server fails to get their first serve in they may take advantage of a second serve. If they again fail to get their second serve in then a double fault will be called and the point lost.
  • If the server clips the net but the ball goes in the service area still then let is called and they get to take that serve again without penalty. If the ball hits the net and fails to go in the service area then out is called and they lose that serve.
  • The receiver may stand where they wish upon receipt of the serve. If the ball is struck without the serve bouncing then the server will receive the point.
  • Once a serve has been made the amount of shots between the players can be unlimited. The point is won by hitting the ball so the opponent fails to return it in the scoring areas.
  • Points are awarded in scores of 15, 30 and 40. 15 represent 1 point, 30 = 2 and 40 = 3. You
  • need 4 points to win a game. If a game lands on 40-40 it’s known as deuce. From deuce a player needs to win 2 consecutive points to win the game. After winning one point from deuce they player is on advantage. If the player wins the next point they win the game, if they lose it goes back to deuce.
  • To win the set a player must win 6 games by 2 or more. The opening sets will go to a tie break if its ends up 6-6 where players play first to 7 points. The final set will not have a tie break and requires players to win by two games with no limits.
  • If a player touches the net, distracts his opponent or impedes in anyway then they automatically lose the point.
  • The ball can hit any part of the line for the point to be called in, if the ball goes outside the line then it is considered out.
  • A player loses a point if they fail to return the ball in either the correct areas on the court, hits the net and doesn’t go into opponent’s area or fails to return the ball before it bounces twice in their half.

Scoring:

Each match is made up of two to three sets. To win a set, you must win at least six games. The games are scored starting at "love" (or zero) and go up to 40, but that's actually just four points. From love, the first point is 15, then 30, then 40, then game point, which wins the game

Doubles vs. Singles

Doubles-

In this type of tennis competition there are a total of four tennis players involved.

Singles-

In this type of tennis competiotion there are a total of two tennis players involved.

History:

Origins of the game can be traced to a 12th–13th-century French handball game called jeu de paume “game of the palm”. Until the 16th century rackets weren't used. It was popular in England and France and Henry VII of england was a big fan of the game. Many of the French courts were decommissioned with the terror that accompanied the French Revolution. The Tennis Court Oath (Serment du Jeu de Paume) was a pivotal event during the first days of the French Revolution.

In 1926, promoter CC Pyle created the first professional tennis tour with a group of American and French tennis players playing matches to paying audiences.With the beginning of the open era, the establishment of an international professional tennis circuit, and revenues from the sale of television rights, tennis's popularity has spread worldwide, and the sport has shed its upper/middle-class English-speaking image.

Equipment:

-Racket with tightly strung strings.

-Tennis ball

-tennis shoes

Terms..

Ace - a serve that is a winner without the receiving tennis player able to return the ball.

Alley - the extra area of the side court used for doubles.

Deuce - when the score in a game is 40 to 40.

Double Fault - two missed serves in a row. The server will lose the point.

Groundstroke - a forehand or backhand shot made after the tennis ball bounces once on the court

  • Volley - a shot where the ball is hit by the player's racquet before the ball hits the ground.
  • Works Cited

    • "Tennis Tips - Maximize Your Tennis Game Potential, Gain A Competitive Edge." Http://www.tennistips.org/. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.
    • "Tennis Rules." : Basic Rules of Tennis. Rules of Sport, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.
    • "Sports." Tennis: Glossary of Terms and Definitions. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.
    • "History of Tennis." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.