Bill Of Rights Project

Kenzie Aldridge, 12/ 17/ 14, Coach William's 6th block class

What is the Bill Of Rights?

The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

Bill 1: The First Amendment guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition.

Court Case : Schenck V. US

"Falsely accused of shouting fire in a theatre as a present danger test." He was arrested and Schenck said how it was a violation of 1st Amendment Rights. The Court's unanimous (9-0) decision was written by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. In it, the Court upheld Schenck's conviction, declaring the Espionage Act a reasonable and acceptable limitation on speech in time of war.

Bill 6: Everyone deserves a fair trial

""Gideon was charged with breaking and entering with the intent to commit a misdemeanor, which is a felony under Florida law. At trial, Gideon appeared in court without an attorney. In open court, he asked the judge to appoint counsel for him because he could not afford an attorney. The trial judge denied Gideon’s request because Florida law only permitted appointment of counsel for poor defendants charged with capital offenses. ""

"The Court held that the Sixth Amendment’s guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right essential to a fair trial and, as such, applies the states through the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment."

"Facts and Case Summary: Gideon v. Wainwright." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

Bill 8: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

"Christopher Simmons was sentenced to death in 1993, when he was only 17. A series of appeals to state and federal courts lasted until 2002, but each appeal was rejected. Then, in 2002, the Missouri Supreme Court stayed Simmon's execution while the U.S. Supreme Court decided Atkins v. Virginia, a case that dealt with the execution of the mentally ill. "

"The majority cited a consensus against the juvenile death penalty among state legislatures, and its own determination that the death penalty is a disproportionate punishment for minors. Finally the Court pointed to "overwhelming" international opinion against the juvenile death penalty."

"ROPER v. SIMMONS." Roper v. Simmons. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Bill 10: to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states.

"President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed a treaty between the United States and Great Britain that provided for the protection of several species of migratory bird. The Migratory Bird Treaty Act was later enacted to give effect to the convention. The Act prohibited the killing, capturing, or selling of any birds included in the terms of the treaty.

The State of Missouri brought this lawsuit to prevent Holland (D), a game warden under the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States, from enforcing the Act. Missouri contended that the law was an unconstitutional interference with the state’s Tenth Amendment rights and an invasion of the state’s sovereign rights."

Judgment affirmed.

"Missouri v. Holland – Case Brief Summary." Lawnix Free Case Briefs RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.