Ebola Outbreak

Virus Ravages West African Nations

What is Ebola?

Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola virus. The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. The risk of an Ebola outbreak affecting multiple people in the U.S. is very low. Ebola is spread through direct contact with blood and body fluids of a person infected by and already showing symptoms of Ebola. Ebola is not spread through the air, water, food, or mosquitoes. (CDC.gov)

How the Disease Progesses

Most patients begin to experience fever and other symptoms eight to ten days after being infected. The illness lasts usually between six and ten days. About five days after the patient knows they are infected they begin to experience more intense symptoms such as anemia, vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood pressure. About nine days into the illness, four day since the last checkpoint, patients begin to suffer sever confusion, and internal and external bleeding. This continues until the patient begins to suffer from coma, shock and then in most cases, death. (Ebola Virus Disease Information for Clinicians in U.S. Healthcare Settings, CDC)
Big image
(Bhadelia, Huffington Post)

What the United States is Doing to Help Stop the Epidemic

America, although not severely affected by the Ebola crisis, is actively trying to provide support in all aspects. (Obama, The White House) For example, 3,000 military troops are being trained to be deployed into West Africa to help contain the deadly virus. Along with deploying more troops, America is redirecting many funds to help contain the Ebola virus in West Africa. America is trying to increase their relief efforts for Ebola because they have been ridiculed multiple times due to the lack of response to the epidemic (Brown, ThinkProgress).

One Nurse's Story

Amber Vinson, 29, was the second nurse in the US to get infected with Ebola. She was working in a Dallas hospital treating an Ebola patient when she came into contact with the virus and was soon infected. Her wonderful clinical staff and good immune system helped her survive the disease.

Vinson, although grateful that she survived, still channels her do-good personality. As she said at her discharge celebration, "While this is a day for celebration and gratitude, I ask that we not lose focus on the thousands of families who continue to labor under the burden of this disease in West Africa." Vinson was discharged with confidence by Dr. Craig Spencer as he announces that Amber "has recovered from her infection with Ebola virus, and she can return to ... her community and to her life." (Botehlo, CNN.)

Even though Vinson was discharged with confidence that she had recovered and was no longer contagious, the stigma that often follows Ebola survivors still haunts her. After discovering that Vinson had contracted Ebola, the world reacted harshly and quickly.

They came at her with accusations about her not being careful enough or not following the proper protocol. Vinson was baffled. After she was healthy Vinson responded, "I'm a nurse. I care. I care for me. I would not put myself in danger. First, I would not take Ebola to my family and my best girlfriends. I would not endanger families across the nation, potentially exposing them to anything. I had no symptoms. There was no way, at that time -- I could not transmit it." Her diagnosis of Ebola also plagued her with judgement and ridicule from America. (Shoichet, CNN)
Big image
(USA Today)

How Does This Relate to The Crucible?

Arthur Miller's The Crucible focuses on the fear of witchcraft and how that fear plagued society (Miller). With Ebola, fear and the virus both are plaguing society (CDC).

Abigail Williams is found gallivanting through the forest with some other girls practicing witchcraft with their servant, Tituba (Miller, 1034) . A witness discovered their inconspicuous acts of witchcraft in the forest and brought it to the towns attention (Miller, 1030).

Throughout the commotion, we follow the relationship between Elizabeth and John Proctor and how it progresses throughout the play. Their relationship was divided by Williams as she had an affair with John (Miller, 1055).

The town of Salem erupts with fear and accusation as the witch trials began to take the lives of innocent people, people who were unwillingly swept under Abigail's lie (Miller, Act 3). Elizabeth Proctor stayed the most level headed out of the main character as she spoke the truth and what she believed with no hesitation, "I cannot think the Devil may own a woman's soul, Mr. Hale, when she keeps an upright way, as I have. I am a good woman, I know it; and if you believe I may do only good work in the world, and yet be secretly bound to Satan, then I must tell you, sir, I do not believe it." (Miller, 1065)

This quote relates back to the Ebola crisis because it shows that some do know and speak the truth, just as Vinson did in response to the country's backlash to her diagnoses. John Proctor had the biggest character change throughout the play, as he began to understand himself in relation to others. However the only way he though he could make this right was by trying to fight the stubborn court, when he knew his fate. He directly attacked the court about their irrational prosecution of citizens.

Specifically in the following quote, "And why not, if they must hang for denyin' it? There are them that will swear to anything before they'll hang; have you never thought of that?" (Miller, Act 2) This quote is revealing that this whole uproar about witchcraft and how it was being handled was almost pointless due to the fact that people will do anything out of fear, even confess something they are not or face the consequences of what they deny.

This relates to the new Ebola crisis because many that are infected, or have come into contact with Ebola, are assumed to be contagious or a danger to society. The fear that Ebola has provoked, has caused false cases and over speculation about how to avoid it or what Ebola actually is (Shoichet, CNN).

Throughout The Crucible many innocent people were killed due to a child's game over a crush. One of those people being Elizabeth Proctors husband, John Proctor. John thought that because he had an affair with Abigail that he had caused all of this. In John's mind, the only way to repay the town was to give himself up to the witch trials to try and put an end to it all.

Elizabeth expresses his feelings, along with her own, after he made the final decision to be hanged for witchcraft in the following quote, "He have his goodness now. God forbid I take that from him." (Miller, 1112) This quote exposes that John felt the only way to redeem himself in the community was to confess to something he did not do and that it was the right thing to do. John also felt that if he confessed to something he didn't do he would help save the lives of many, including his wife.

Many volunteers that are helping stop the spread of Ebola are risking their lives to save others (Brown, ThinkProgress), just as John did. Some volunteer did suffer the consequences of helping the crisis. Such as Amber Vinson, who helped try and ave a mans life with a co-worker but soon became infected with the deadly virus (Botehlo, CNN).

As witchcraft was discovered to be haunting Salem, the community quickly was overtaken with fear. Although the culprit tried to play it off, as described in the following quote, "Now look you. All of you. We danced." (Abigail, 1034) The town knew the truth. This quote and feeling of quick fear relates directly back to the Ebola epidemic because once someone is diagnosed with it, or it makes its way to America, everyone is fear stricken and baffled at the concept of the diagnoses. Just as is Vinson's case, once she was diagnosed the community around her instantly felt endangered by her presence because they were afraid of contracting Ebola themselves. (Shoichet, CNN)

Work Cited

"Aid Workers In Short Supply As Ebola Grips Liberia." RSS 20. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.

Botelho, Greg. "Nurse's Discharge Leaves One Ebola Case in U.S., Though Larger Battle Continues." CNN. N.p., 28 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.

"Ebola Virus Disease Information for Clinicians in U.S. Healthcare Settings." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 Nov. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.

Kime, Patricia. "U.S. Military to Train More Ebola Response Teams." USA Today. N.p., 31 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.

Shoichet, Catherine E., Greg Botelho, and Jason Hanna. "How Did Nurse Amber Vinson Get Ebola? 'It Is a Mystery to Me,' She Tells CNN." CNN. Cable News Network, 06 Nov. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.

"Signs and Symptoms." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 02 Nov. 2014. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.

Somanader, Tanya. "President Obama on America's Response to Ebola: "When Disease or Disaster Strikes, Americans Help"" The White House. N.p., 28 Oct. 2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.

"What 3,000 American Troops Will Be Doing To Fight Ebola In Africa." ThinkProgress RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.