States of Matter

Tyler Baggett


Definition: Molecules are packed closely together.

Detail- Solids have low kinetic energy because the molecules don't have room to move.

Detail- A solid has a definite volume.

Detail- Solids also have a definite shape.

Example #1

At 32 degrees Fahrenheit water changes into a solid forming ice.

Example #2

An apple is a solid.

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Definition: Molecules move more freely, but close together

Detail- Have a definite volume.

Detail- No definite shape (Take the shape of the container.)

Detail- Liquids have medium kinetic energy.

Example #1

Milk is a liquid.

Example #2

Coffee is a liquid.


Definition: Molecules are far apart and can move freely

Detail- No fixed volume

Detail- No definite shape (takes shape of the container)

Detail- High kinetic energy

Example #1

Air molecules move freely

Example #2

A power plant is releasing carbon dioxide

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Definition: Particles have extremely large amounts of energy

Detail- Can be thought of a bass consisting of electrons instead of atoms

Detail- Most common phase of matter in the universe

Detail- Plasma was used int the creation of the nuclear bomb

Example #1

stars are made of plasma

Example #2

Lighting is made of plasma

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Bose-Einstein Condensate

Definition: Groups of atoms behave as though they are a single particle

Detail- It exist only at tempertures of, -273C (absolute zero)

Detail- Einstein predicted this state of matter in the 1920's

Detail- In 1995, scientist created this state of matter-Eniestiens prediction was correct

Example #1

Einstein predicted this state of matter

Example #2

A before during and after example of Bose-Einstien Condensate

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