States of Matter

Tyler Baggett

Solids

Definition: Molecules are packed closely together.



Detail- Solids have low kinetic energy because the molecules don't have room to move.


Detail- A solid has a definite volume.


Detail- Solids also have a definite shape.



Example #1


At 32 degrees Fahrenheit water changes into a solid forming ice.


Example #2


An apple is a solid.

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Liquids

Definition: Molecules move more freely, but close together



Detail- Have a definite volume.


Detail- No definite shape (Take the shape of the container.)


Detail- Liquids have medium kinetic energy.



Example #1


Milk is a liquid.


Example #2


Coffee is a liquid.

Gasses

Definition: Molecules are far apart and can move freely



Detail- No fixed volume


Detail- No definite shape (takes shape of the container)


Detail- High kinetic energy



Example #1


Air molecules move freely




Example #2


A power plant is releasing carbon dioxide

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Plasma

Definition: Particles have extremely large amounts of energy



Detail- Can be thought of a bass consisting of electrons instead of atoms


Detail- Most common phase of matter in the universe


Detail- Plasma was used int the creation of the nuclear bomb



Example #1


stars are made of plasma



Example #2


Lighting is made of plasma

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Bose-Einstein Condensate

Definition: Groups of atoms behave as though they are a single particle




Detail- It exist only at tempertures of, -273C (absolute zero)


Detail- Einstein predicted this state of matter in the 1920's


Detail- In 1995, scientist created this state of matter-Eniestiens prediction was correct



Example #1


Einstein predicted this state of matter



Example #2


A before during and after example of Bose-Einstien Condensate

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