How Do You Get Diabetes?
Health and Fitness
How Do You Get Diabetes?
Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus refers to a class of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar content. This situation results either due to the body’s incapability of producing insulin or due to the unresponsiveness of the body cells to the produced insulin. The increased sugar content, thereby, results in the state of Polyuria, Polyphagia and Polydipsia characterized by increased urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger respectively. The state of diabetes mellitus is characterized by the body’s inability of controlling the sugar level in the blood. The condition of high blood sugar in the human body is referred is hyperglycemia and this condition is controlled by a hormone referred as insulin. Thus, in a nutshell, diabetes simply disturbs the secretion of insulin in the human body, thereby resulting in the state of hyperglycemia.
A human being can be inflicted with diabetes owing to different reasons. Read below to find the answers for your queries related to the question: “How do you get diabetes?” Broadly, there are three different types of diabetes, which hamper the normal insulin production in the human body owing to different reasons. The specific category of diabetes with which you are inflicted decides the fact “how do you get diabetes.” The list below enfolds the different categories of diabetes and the reasons giving rise to this state.
How do you get Diabetes Type 1:
The first category of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes, also referred as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Owing to the age group of people it affects, Type 1 diabetes is attributed with the name Juvenile diabetes. It is quite unusual to be inflicted with this category of diabetes once you pass the age of mid 20’s. Although, it is still not known very clearly how do you get diabetes type 1, the causes behind the state are understood well today owing to the available theories.
When discussing about how do you get diabetes Type 1, several facts are revealed; like Type 1 diabetes mellitus falls into the category of autoimmune disorders. This simply means that under this situation, the human body develops the tendency to destroy those cells, which produce the hormone insulin because it has the opinion that the hormone is harmful for the human body. The insulin producing cells are referred as beta cells, which are found in the islet cells, located in the pancreas of the human body. As these cells are destroyed, the insulin production is disrupted and the blood sugar levels become high, leading to the state of hyperglycemia. This arouses the need for artificially injecting insulin in the human body, externally, for performing the desired blood sugar controlling function.
The studies on the subject “How do you get diabetes” have revealed that this category of diabetes lasts lifelong and requires the continuation of insulin replacement therapy all through. When questioned how do you get diabetes type 1, a combination of several distinct environmental and genetic factors can be attributed to the same. Patients inflicted with diabetes type 1 are said to possess genes, which force the human body to destroy the beta cells. This state of inherited genes when exposed to disturbed environmental conditions like air pollution, poor eating habits, etc. can result to the state of diabetes mellitus.
In some cases when wondering about how do you get diabetes type 1, certain specific infections like coxsackie B4 virus can be attributed to this state. However, the beginning of diabetes mellitus type 1 is unrelated to any environmental or lifestyle trigger.
All said and done, the research in this domain continues and more answers are waiting to be enfolded pertaining to the question: “How do you get diabetes?”
How do you get diabetes Type 2:
This category of diabetes is also referred as adult onset diabetes as it is considered to inflict adults in the later part of their life due to the developed insulin resistance. Although, this trend is changing with time, but on a broader spectrum, the conception about how do you get diabetes type 2, still remains the same. In this category of diabetes, the beta cells in the human body continue producing insulin but the produced level of insulin is not sufficient for processing the glucose. Different medical journals on the subject “how do you get diabetes type2” reveal that in some conditions, the produced insulin is not effective enough to convert the glucose in the human body into glycogen and thereby reducing the sugar level in the human blood.
As per as the world survey on the subject matter “How do you get diabetes type2,” some of the Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, etc. have an increased tendency of being inflicted with diabetes type 2, owing to the environmental and dietary conditions with which they are inflicted. Obesity can be termed as one the most susceptible answers to the question how do you get diabetes type 2. It is because when a person turns obese, the human body suffers through a harder time utilizing insulin.
Although, it is still not very clear how do you get diabetes type 2, overweight is attributed as one of the major factors for causing diabetes type 2. In today’s scenario, improper eating habits, lazy lifestyle, lack of exercising, etc. are the major factors for causing diabetes type 2. When questioned about “How do you get diabetes type 2,” the inheritance of certain genes is attributed as the predisposing factor to the ailment. However, it is said that this condition can be avoided by losing weight, healthy eating, and exercising regularly. This category of diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, which inflicts most of the people across the globe.
How do you get Gestational diabetes:
Another category of diabetes is Gestational diabetes, which is acquired during the pregnancy state. This results due to the hormonal changes and the inherited genes in the human body during the pregnancy phase. However, this category of diabetes normally ceases post the pregnancy phase. Moreover, in almost 20% -25% of women, gestational diabetes develops into diabetes type2 post pregnancy and this can be subjected as an answer to the question “how do you get diabetes type2.”
Apart from the above listed “How do you get diabetes” factors, the other causing factors of diabetes include mitochondrial DNA mutations, mutations in the insulin genes, defects in the exocrine pancreatic domain, endocrinopathies, cushing syndrome, infections like cytomegalovirus infection, and drugs like glucocortoids, thyroid hormone, statins, etc. These major causes satisfactorily answer the question “how do you get diabetes.”