American Nationalism

Table Of Contents

  • The Hudson River School Artists
  • The Knickerbocker School Writers
  • Federalist Style Architecture
  • John Marshall Court Cases (That Encouraged A Strong Federal Government)
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • War of 1812

The Hudson River School Artists

Hudson River School

A mid-19th century American art movement embodied by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. The paintings for which the movement is named depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, including Catskill, Adirondack, and the White Mountains.

The Knickerbocker School Writers

The Knickerbocker School

A group of writers active in and around NYC during the first half of the 19th century. The group, whose affiliation was more a regional than an aesthetic matter, sought to promote a genuinely American national culture and establish NYC as its literary centre, and took its name from Washington Irving's Knickerbocker's History of New York (1809).

Federalist Style Architecture

Federal Architecture

The founding generation of Federal Architecture consciously chose to associate the nation with the ancient democracies of Greece and the republican values of Rome. The Federal style applied to the balanced and symmetrical version of Georgian architecture. American Federal architecture differs from preceding Georgian colonial interpretations in its use of plainer surfaces with attenuated detail, usually isolated in panels, tablets and friezes. Including a flatter, smoother facade.

John Marshall Court Cases (That Encouraged A Strong Federal Government)

John Marshall Court Cases

John Marshall was the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1801-1835). His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. He played a significant role in the development of the American legal system, most notably, he reinforced the principle that federal courts are obligated to exercise judicial review, by disregarding purported laws if they violate the Constitution. Many of Marshall's decisions related to federalism, affecting the balance of power between the federal government and the states during the early years of the republic.

Monroe Doctrine

The Monroe Doctrine

A principle of US policy, originated by President James Monroe in 1823, that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US.

Louisiana Purchase

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The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition by the United States of America in 1803 of 828,000 square miles (529,920,000 acres) of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana.

War Of 1812

War of 1812

The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting for two-and-a-half years, between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies and its American Indian allies. It is seen as a war in its own right by the US and Canada, and as a theatre of the Napoleonic Wars by Europe, as it was caused by issues related to that war (also the Continental System).