World Food Prize Project
The Mazoka Household
In rural areas, there are usually more than just the primary family that live in each household. In the Mazoka family, there lives Thandi and Chanda Mazoka. The couple birthed and raised their three children, Suria, Jika, and Kelvin. Soon after Jika, the youngest, was born, Thandi's mother, Elias Daka, moved in to help with the children. Recently, Chanda's parents, Gladys and Dickson Mazoka, moved in because their hut had caved in. Chanda, Dickson, and Kelvin, the men, have jobs in the copper mining business. The price of copper has declined greatly since the 70's but it is one of the only jobs that the men could find fast in order to support all of the people in the household. Each of the three children go to a school. Jika goes to Primary school while Suria and Kelvin are finishing up Middle school. All of the women in the house, besides the two children, work in the corn fields across the way in order get money. The two girls help do chores around the house and help with everyday household chores.
Almost everyone in the Mazoka household speak English except Chanda's father, Dickson. His mother, Gladys, does not speak much English but she is able to communicate with everyone. In Zambia, there are only about 2% of people that learned English as a first language, including the Mazoka children. Everyone in the house speaks proper Bemba except for the children, but they are learning. The Mazoka family goes to a Christian church every Sunday so that is their only day they do not work, they pray. Almost everyone in Zambia is Christian so there are a lot of people that go to the church everyday. There are about 16,212,000 people just in Zambia so you can imagine how many people arrive with them every Sunday.
World Bank and Zambia
The World Bank has classified Zambia as a "middle-income country". That means, if you don't work in the mining field then you are extremely poor. Since three of the men in the Mazoka family work in the copper mines, the Mazoka family is doing okay. That doesn't mean that they aren't poor but they are not classified as extremely poor.
Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues
Over 200,000 cases of STD's are treated annually including Kelvin Masoka. Kelvin never knew about the dangers of unprotected sex until he learned the hard way. Suria never learned about unsafe sex either, that's how she became pregnant but had an unsafe abortion in her home causing her to have problems with her insides. She does not have any diseases, that they know of, but she is being organically treated for her wounds from the bad abortion. Kelvin was diagnosed with AIDs just last year and is trying to work enough to earn money for his medical visits. Kelvin is one of the 94% of teen boys that did not know about condoms. All of the money that is being made has gone towards Suria and Kelvin's medical funds. This means that they need to work even harder just to put food on the table.
In 2002, there was an intervention in a college in Zambia to help the people learn about the dangers of unsafe sex. 2,328 youth, age 10-24, were interviewed and only two attendance knew about what AIDs were. More education is needed to help with the health problems so that more children and teens are not dying from HIV/AIDs or any other sexual diseases that are very easy to catch.
How Does This Affect Both the Agricultural and Rural Places?
If all of the adolescent boys and girls have unsafe sex, they are at a higher risk of medicala problems and unplanned children. This means that they would need more food for their children, more space in homes, more money for food and necessities, and people will need more money for medical treatments. In both areas there are children and families that will be affected by sexual diseases. People also might need to quit their jobs in order to take care of themselves or their loved ones.
In order for everyone to get healthier and stay healthy there needs to be a change. The World Bank should help fund the schools to hire people to teach health and sexual education. Once this is up and running, the students will most likely go home and tell their family members about what they have learned to spread the knowledge about these diseases better. In urban and rural places this is an issue, so there needs to be a lot more people to help talk about health with the students.