The Ages in the Middle

By: Heath Reynolds

Feudalism and Manorialism

Feudalism

Feudalism was the dominate social society during the Middle Ages. Nobles would hold the land from the king in exchange for military services, peasants then had to live on the land and provide their lord with homage, labor, and a share of the produce.

Manorialism

Manorialism

Manorialism exchanged labor or rents for access of land.The Lord of the Manor operated the system of manorialism which in return game him economic and legal power over his tenants. Peasants also had right to use the land. They were allowed to take wood from a surrounding forest for fuel or for building purposes.

Monarchs

Monarchs

A monarchy is a type of government in which sovereignty is embodied in a single individual known as the monarch. Monarchy was the most common type of government until the 19th century, but it isn't used anymore.

Catholic Church

Catholic Church

During the Middle Ages the Catholic Churches became organized into sections with the Pope at the top. The church was the government for a very long time but soon lost power. They helped when plagues spread and when disasters occurred. The churches were mostly made with gothic architecture.

The Crusades

The Crusades were a series of wars known as "Holy Wars". The Crusades were a series or military campaigns during the time of The Middle Ages. The military campaigns were against the Muslims of the Middle East. They started when the Muslims captured Jerusalem which was the Holy Place for Christians. The Christians fought the Muslims in many different military campaigns which lasted around 200 years.

The Black Death

The Black Death or the Bubonic Plague started in Eastern and Central Asia. They could fight this disease because they had strong immune systems. But when it spread to Europe their immune systems were no where as near as strong the the Asian's immune system. The Bubonic Plague killed 1/3 of Europe's population. The side effects were bumps known as bubonic, blackening of the skin, and a high fever.

Knights

Knights followed the code of Chivalry and serve their liege lord. The Knights job in the Middle Ages were focused on improving their skills in the use of weapons, horsemanship, and medieval combat.Knighthood wasn't given because someone was the son of a noble. The steps towards achieving knighthood started with training as a page and then as a squire, this was also referred to as esquire.

Popes and Kings

Popes were the head of the Catholic Church. The people looked towards the Pope for pray and guidance. He decided what would be taught at Catholic Churches. The King ruled over his estate and had a table of people he looked on for information. In England and France sons inherited the throne from their father.

Spanish Inquisition

The Spanish Inquisition was the purification of Spain. It was led by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. The objective was to get everyone out of Spain who wasn't Catholic. They used torture and other things to find others in Spain who weren't Catholic.

Advancements

Advancements of this time were big. They improved the port crane which moved heavy things on and off of ships. They also made advances in science and medicine. They figured out what a germ was.

The Growth of Cities

After the Black Death cities grew because the manor system started to crumble. Peasants could charge for their labor and they once they got enough money they moved to bigger cities. People started moving to bigger cities because of trade and labor services.